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The name Russ has a history dating as far back as the Norman Conquest of England in 1066. It was a name for a person with red hair which was in turn derived from the Old French nickname le rous, meaning redhead. Another equally valid derivation suggests that the name is a shortened form of the Norman given name Rufus.

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The surname Russ was first found in Devon. The first on record was Radulphus le Rufus, a knight in the train of William the Conqueror who became one of the Justices Itinerant of the counties of Wiltshire, Dorset, Somerset, Devon and Cornwall temp. Henry II. It is from this eminent person that the family of Edmerston and Halton, co. Devon descend. [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
Burke, John Bernard, The Roll of Battle Abbey. London: Edward Churton, 26, Holles Street, 1848, Print.
However, some of the family were found at early time further north at Mearly in Lancashire. "The chief part of the township was granted by Jordan le Rous to Stephen, afterwards called de Merley, whose daughter married Adam de Nowell, and carried the Hall and manor into that family, 38th of Edward III." [2]CITATION[CLOSE]
Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.

Before the last few hundred years the English language had no fixed system of spelling rules. For that reason, spelling variations occurred commonly in Anglo Norman surnames. Over the years, many variations of the name Russ were recorded, including Rous, Rouse, Rowse and others.


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This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Russ research. Another 399 words (28 lines of text) covering the years 1608, 1670, 1656, 1730, 1776, 1731, 1579, 1659, 1618, 1680, 1660, 1645, 1626, 1605, 1677, 1653, 1660, 1608, 1676, 1654, 1660 and 1650 are included under the topic Early Russ History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Outstanding amongst the family at this time was Francis Rous (1579-1659), English hymnist; John Rous (c 1618-1680), an English politician, Member of Parliament for Warwick (1660); Sir Roger Rouse of Gloucestershire; Sir John Rouse (died 1645), an English landowner and politician who sat in the House of Commons in 1626; Anthony...

Another 51 words (4 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Russ Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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The unstable environment in England at this time caused numerous families to board ships and leave in search of opportunity and freedom from persecution abroad in places like Ireland, Australia, and particularly the New World. The voyage was extremely difficult, however, and only taken at great expense. The cramped conditions and unsanitary nature of the vessels caused many to arrive diseased and starving, not to mention destitute from the enormous cost. Still opportunity in the emerging nations of Canada and the United States was far greater than at home and many went on to make important contributions to the cultures of their adopted countries. An examination of many early immigration records reveals that people bearing the name Russ arrived in North America very early:

Russ Settlers in United States in the 17th Century

  • Alester Russ, who arrived in Maryland in 1651
  • Thomas Russ, who landed in Maryland in 1671
  • James Russ, who landed in Maryland in 1677

Russ Settlers in United States in the 18th Century

  • Timothy Russ, who arrived in Virginia in 1701
  • Hans Russ, who landed in Pennsylvania in 1727
  • Michael Russ, who landed in Pennsylvania in 1752
  • Anthon Russ, who landed in Pennsylvania in 1754
  • John Russ, who arrived in Pennsylvania in 1765
  • ...

Russ Settlers in United States in the 19th Century

  • Charles Russ, aged 26, arrived in New York in 1812
  • Peter Russ, who arrived in America in 1836
  • Henry Russ, aged 32, arrived in Missouri in 1840
  • Eduard Russ, who arrived in New York, NY in 1850
  • August Russ, who arrived in San Francisco, California in 1850
  • ...

Russ Settlers in United States in the 20th Century

  • Mathias Russ, who arrived in Arkansas in 1906

Russ Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century

  • Carl Russ, who arrived in Quebec in 1850

Russ Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century

  • Job Russ, aged 22, a farmer, arrived in Nelson aboard the ship "Sir Charles Forbes" in 1842
  • Elizabeth Russ, aged 17, arrived in Nelson aboard the ship "Sir Charles Forbes" in 1842
  • Jacob Russ arrived in Nelson aboard the ship "John Masterman" in 1857
  • Johan Russ arrived in Nelson aboard the ship "John Masterman" in 1857
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  • John Russ (1858-1912), American professional baseball player
  • Robert Edwin Russ (1830-1902), American planter and civic leader who founded Ruston
  • Joanna Russ (1937-2011), American writer, academic and feminist
  • William Russ (b. 1950), American actor
  • Timothy Darrell "Tim" Russ (b. 1956), American actor, film director, screenwriter and musician
  • John Russ (1767-1833), American Democrat politician, U.S. Representative from Connecticut at-large, 1819-23; Member of Connecticut State House of Representatives from Hartford, 1824, 1829; Probate judge in Connecticut, 1824
  • D. H. Russ, American politician, Mayor of Enterprise, Alabama, 1952-54
  • Charles B. Russ, American Republican politician, Elected Connecticut State House of Representatives from Chaplin 1916
  • Bill Russ, American politician, Candidate for village President of Brookfield, Illinois, 2005
  • Alice W. Russ, American Republican politician, Member of Connecticut State House of Representatives from Shelton; Elected 1930; Member of Connecticut Republican State Central Committee, 1940
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The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.

Motto: Vescitur Christo
Motto Translation: He feeds on Christ.

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Citations



  1. ^ Burke, John Bernard, The Roll of Battle Abbey. London: Edward Churton, 26, Holles Street, 1848, Print.
  2. ^ Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.

Other References

  1. Passenger Lists of Vessels Arriving at Galveston Texas 1896-1951. National Archives Washington DC. Print.
  2. Hitching, F.K and S. Hitching. References to English Surnames in 1601-1602. Walton On Thames: 1910. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0181-3).
  3. Dunkling, Leslie. Dictionary of Surnames. Toronto: Collins, 1998. Print. (ISBN 0004720598).
  4. Sanders, Joanne McRee Edition. English Settlers in Barbados 1637-1800. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
  5. Burke, John Bernard Ed. The Roll of Battle Abbey. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
  6. Holt, J.C. Ed. Domesday Studies. Woodbridge: Boydell, 1987. Print. (ISBN 0-85115-477-8).
  7. Burke, Sir Bernard. General Armory Of England, Scotland, Ireland and Wales. Ramsbury: Heraldry Today. Print.
  8. Skordas, Guest. Ed. The Early Settlers of Maryland an Index to Names or Immigrants Complied from Records of Land Patents 1633-1680 in the Hall of Records Annapolis, Maryland. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1968. Print.
  9. Shaw, William A. Knights of England A Complete Record from the Earliest Time to the Present Day of the Knights of all the Orders of Chivalry in England, Scotland, Ireland and Knights Bachelors 2 Volumes. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print. (ISBN 080630443X).
  10. Shirley, Evelyn Philip. Noble and Gentle Men of England Or Notes Touching The Arms and Descendants of the Ancient Knightley and Gentle Houses of England Arranged in their Respective Counties 3rd Edition. Westminster: John Bowyer Nichols and Sons, 1866. Print.
  11. ...

The Russ Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Russ Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 6 April 2016 at 07:34.

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