The ancestry of the name Roschester dates from the ancient Anglo-Saxon
culture of Britain. It comes from when the family lived in the region of Rochester in Kent
. Roschester is a topographic
surname, which was given to a person who resided near a physical feature such as a hill, stream, church, or type of tree. Habitation
names form the other broad category of surnames that were derived from place-names. They were derived from pre-existing names for towns, villages, parishes, or farmsteads. Other local
names are derived from the names of houses, manors, estates, regions, and entire counties.
Early Origins of the Roschester family
The surname Roschester was first found in Kent
where the name was first recorded by Bede (c.
730) under the names of Dorubrevi and Hrofoecoestre. The first reference refers to the Briton name that was derived from "duro" meaning "fortress" or "bridge" while the second reference is derived from the Old English word for "roof" CITATION[CLOSE]
Hanks, Patricia and Flavia Hodges, A Dictionary of Surnames. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1988. Print. (ISBN 0-19-211592-8)
. Today Rochester is a town in Kent
which dates back to before 43 AD, named Durobrivae by the Romans
. Rochester Castle stands on grounds that have been fortified since the Roman arrival. The Norman keep that was built in 1127 still stands majestically today. Rochester is also a small village in Northumberland
. "This parish, anciently called Rocetter, or Roucestre, comprises about 2370 acres." CITATION[CLOSE]
Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
Early History of the Roschester family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Roschester research.Another 159 words (11 lines of text) covering the years 155 and 1557 are included under the topic Early Roschester History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Roschester Spelling Variations
in names were a common occurrence before English spelling was standardized a few hundred
years ago. In the Middle Ages, even the literate spelled their names differently as the English language incorporated elements of French, Latin, and other European languages. Many variations of the name Roschester have been found, including Rochester, Roccester, Wrocester, Wrochester and others.
Early Notables of the Roschester family (pre 1700)
More information is included under the topic Early Roschester Notables in all our PDF Extended History products
and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Roschester family to the New World and Oceana
Families began migrating abroad in enormous numbers because of the political and religious discontent in England
. Often faced with persecution and starvation in England
, the possibilities of the New World attracted many English people. Although the ocean trips took many lives, those who did get to North America were instrumental in building the necessary groundwork for what would become for new powerful nations. Some of the first immigrants to cross the Atlantic and come to North America bore the name Roschester, or a variant listed above: John Rochester settled in Virginia in 1638; Elizabeth Rochester settled in Maryland in 1677.