The name Rolay came to England
with the ancestors of the Rolay family in the Norman Conquest
of 1066. The Rolay family lived in Yorkshire
. Their name, however, is a reference to Roullours,
in Calvados, in the arrondissement of Dieppe, Normandy
, the family's place of residence prior to the Norman Conquest
Early Origins of the Rolay family
The surname Rolay was first found in Yorkshire
where they were undertenants in the honor of Richmond being descended from the distinguished Norman family of Rollos of Roullours in Calvados, arrondisement of Dieppe, in Normandy
. A century later it appears that William de Rollos, Lord of Bourne in the county of Lincoln to the south, was also a branch of this distinguished family. Richard Rolle (1290-1349) was an English religious writer, Bible translator, and hermit. He is also known as Richard Rolle of Hampole or de Hampole. He studied at Oxford.
Early History of the Rolay family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Rolay research.Another 425 words (30 lines of text) covering the years 1792, 1568, 1736, 1633, 1589, 1656, 1647, 1671, 1669, 1735, 1705, 1708, 1630, 1686, 1656, 1664, 1665, 1672, 1673, 1622, 1660, 1654 and 1660 are included under the topic Early Rolay History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Rolay Spelling Variations
Multitudes of spelling variations
are a hallmark of Anglo Norman names. Most of these names evolved in the 11th and 12th century, in the time after the Normans
introduced their own Norman French language into a country where Old and Middle English had no spelling rules and the languages of the court were French and Latin. To make matters worse, medieval scribes spelled words according to sound, so names frequently appeared differently in the various documents in which they were recorded. The name was spelled Rolls, Rowles, Rolston, Rolleston, Rollesby, Rolles, Rholes and many more.
Early Notables of the Rolay family (pre 1700)
Outstanding amongst the family at this time was Robert Rolle (d. 1633) of Heanton Satchville, Devon; and his son, Henry Rolle (1589-1656), an English judge and Chief Justice of the King’s Bench; Sir Samuel Rolle (d. 1647); and his son, Dennis Rolle (d. 1671) of Great Torrington, a lawyer of the... Another 73 words (5 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Rolay Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Rolay family to the New World and Oceana
Because of this political and religious unrest within English society, many people decided to immigrate to the colonies. Families left for Ireland
, North America, and Australia
in enormous numbers, traveling at high cost in extremely inhospitable conditions. The New World in particular was a desirable destination, but the long voyage caused many to arrive sick and starving. Those who made it, though, were welcomed by opportunities far greater than they had known at home in England
. Many of these families went on to make important contributions to the emerging nations of Canada and the United States. Analysis of immigration records indicates that some of the first North American immigrants bore the name Rolay or a variant listed above: Joes Rolles who settled in Virginia in 1635; William Rolles settled in Virginia in 1644; Benedict Rolls settled in Virginia in 1635; James Rolls settled in Baltimore in 1803.