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Rochester History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms



The present generation of the Rochester family is only the most recent to bear a name that dates back to the ancient Anglo-Saxon culture of Britain. Their name comes from having lived in the region of Rochester in Kent. Rochester is a topographic surname, which was given to a person who resided near a physical feature such as a hill, stream, church, or type of tree. Habitation names form the other broad category of surnames that were derived from place-names. They were derived from pre-existing names for towns, villages, parishes, or farmsteads. Other local names are derived from the names of houses, manors, estates, regions, and entire counties.

Early Origins of the Rochester family


The surname Rochester was first found in Kent where the name was first recorded by Bede (c. 730) under the names of Dorubrevi and Hrofoecoestre. The first reference refers to the Briton name that was derived from "duro" meaning "fortress" or "bridge" while the second reference is derived from the Old English word for "roof" [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
Hanks, Patricia and Flavia Hodges, A Dictionary of Surnames. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1988. Print. (ISBN 0-19-211592-8)
. Today Rochester is a town in Kent which dates back to before 43 AD, named Durobrivae by the Romans. Rochester Castle stands on grounds that have been fortified since the Roman arrival. The Norman keep that was built in 1127 still stands majestically today. Rochester is also a small village in Northumberland and Staffordshire. "This parish, anciently called Rocetter, or Roucestre, comprises about 2370 acres." [2]CITATION[CLOSE]
Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.

Early History of the Rochester family


This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Rochester research.
Another 159 words (11 lines of text) covering the years 155 and 1557 are included under the topic Early Rochester History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Rochester Spelling Variations


Until the dictionary, an invention of only the last few hundred years, the English language lacked any comprehensive system of spelling rules. Consequently, spelling variations in names are frequently found in early Anglo-Saxon and later Anglo-Norman documents. One person's name was often spelled several different ways over a lifetime. The recorded variations of Rochester include Rochester, Roccester, Wrocester, Wrochester and others.

Early Notables of the Rochester family (pre 1700)


More information is included under the topic Early Rochester Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Migration of the Rochester family to the New World and Oceana


Thousands of English families boarded ships sailing to the New World in the hope of escaping the unrest found in England at this time. Although the search for opportunity and freedom from persecution abroad took the lives of many because of the cramped conditions and unsanitary nature of the vessels, the opportunity perceived in the growing colonies of North America beckoned. Many of the settlers who survived the journey went on to make important contributions to the transplanted cultures of their adopted countries. The Rochester were among these contributors, for they have been located in early North American records:

Rochester Settlers in United States in the 17th Century

  • John Rochester, who settled in Virginia in 1638
  • Jon Rochester, who arrived in Virginia in 1638 [3]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  • Richard Rochester, who landed in Maryland in 1673 [3]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  • Elizabeth Rochester, who settled in Maryland in 1677

Rochester Settlers in United States in the 18th Century

  • William Rochester, who landed in Virginia in 1703 [3]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)

Rochester Settlers in United States in the 19th Century

  • W B Rochester, who arrived in San Francisco, California in 1851 [3]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)

Rochester Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century

  • John Rochester, aged 26, a coach builder, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Hurunui" in 1877

Contemporary Notables of the name Rochester (post 1700)


  • Nathan Rochester (1919-2001), American MIT graduate who designed the IBM 701 and wrote the first assembler
  • Nathaniel Rochester (1752-1831), American Revolutionary War soldier, founder of Rochester, New York
  • Paul Rochester (b. 1938), American football player
  • William Beatty Rochester (1789-1838), American Democrat politician, Member of New York State Assembly from Allegany and Steuben counties, 1816-18; U.S. Representative from New York, 1821-23 (20th District 1821-23, 28th District 1823);
  • Thomas H. Rochester, American politician, Mayor of Rochester, New York, 1839
  • Sterling Rochester, American politician, Candidate for Pennsylvania State Senate 3rd District, 1932
  • Robert Rochester, American politician, Postmaster at Hagerstown, Maryland, 1793-1803
  • Nathaniel Rochester, American politician, Member of New York State Assembly from Monroe County, 1821-22
  • Nathaniel Rochester, American politician, Postmaster at Hagerstown, Maryland, 1792-93; Presidential Elector for Maryland, 1808
  • John Wilmot Rochester (1647-1680), English courtier
  • ... (Another 1 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Historic Events for the Rochester family



Hillcrest Coal Mine

  • Mr. William Nixon Rochester (1886-1914), English Miner from Ryton, Durham, England, United Kingdom who worked in the Hillcrest Coal Mine, Alberta, Canada and died in the mine collapse [4]CITATION[CLOSE]
    List Of Miners - Hillcrest Mine Disaster Data. (Retrieved 2014, June 24) . Retrieved from http://www.hillcrestminedisaster.com/data/index.php?title=List_Of_Miners
  • Mr. Joseph Harrison Rochester (1895-1914), English Timber Packer from Ryton, Durham, England, United Kingdom who worked in the Hillcrest Coal Mine, Alberta, Canada and died in the mine collapse [4]CITATION[CLOSE]
    List Of Miners - Hillcrest Mine Disaster Data. (Retrieved 2014, June 24) . Retrieved from http://www.hillcrestminedisaster.com/data/index.php?title=List_Of_Miners

Rochester Family Crest Products



See Also



Citations


  1. ^ Hanks, Patricia and Flavia Hodges, A Dictionary of Surnames. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1988. Print. (ISBN 0-19-211592-8)
  2. ^ Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
  3. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  4. ^ List Of Miners - Hillcrest Mine Disaster Data. (Retrieved 2014, June 24) . Retrieved from http://www.hillcrestminedisaster.com/data/index.php?title=List_Of_Miners

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