The history of the Roccester family goes back to the ancient Anglo-Saxon
culture of Britain. It is derived from the family living in the region of Rochester in Kent
. Roccester is a topographic
surname, which was given to a person who resided near a physical feature such as a hill, stream, church, or type of tree. Habitation
names form the other broad category of surnames that were derived from place-names. They were derived from pre-existing names for towns, villages, parishes, or farmsteads. Other local
names are derived from the names of houses, manors, estates, regions, and entire counties.
Early Origins of the Roccester family
The surname Roccester was first found in Kent
where the name was first recorded by Bede (c.
730) under the names of Dorubrevi and Hrofoecoestre. The first reference refers to the Briton name that was derived from "duro" meaning "fortress" or "bridge" while the second reference is derived from the Old English word for "roof" CITATION[CLOSE]
Hanks, Patricia and Flavia Hodges, A Dictionary of Surnames. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1988. Print. (ISBN 0-19-211592-8)
. Today Rochester is a town in Kent
which dates back to before 43 AD, named Durobrivae by the Romans
. Rochester Castle stands on grounds that have been fortified since the Roman arrival. The Norman keep that was built in 1127 still stands majestically today. Rochester is also a small village in Northumberland
. "This parish, anciently called Rocetter, or Roucestre, comprises about 2370 acres." CITATION[CLOSE]
Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
Early History of the Roccester family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Roccester research.Another 159 words (11 lines of text) covering the years 155 and 1557 are included under the topic Early Roccester History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Roccester Spelling Variations
Until quite recently, the English language has lacked a definite system of spelling rules. Consequently, Anglo-Saxon
surnames are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations
. Changes in Anglo-Saxon
names were influenced by the evolution of the English language, as it incorporated elements of French, Latin, and other languages. Although Medieval scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded, so it is common to find one person referred to by several different spellings of his surname, even the most literate people varied the spelling of their own names. Variations of the name Roccester include Rochester, Roccester, Wrocester, Wrochester and others.
Early Notables of the Roccester family (pre 1700)
More information is included under the topic Early Roccester Notables in all our PDF Extended History products
and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Roccester family to the New World and Oceana
Searching for a better life, many English families migrated to British colonies. Unfortunately, the majority of them traveled under extremely harsh conditions: overcrowding on the ships caused the majority of the immigrants to arrive diseased, famished, and destitute from the long journey across the ocean. For those families that arrived safely, modest prosperity was attainable, and many went on to make invaluable contributions to the development of the cultures of the new colonies. Research into the origins of individual families in North America revealed records of the immigration of a number of people bearing the name Roccester or a variant listed above: John Rochester settled in Virginia in 1638; Elizabeth Rochester settled in Maryland in 1677.