The name Rideal reached English shores for the first time with the ancestors of the Rideal family as they migrated following the Norman Conquest
of 1066. The Rideal family lived in Yorkshire
or in Westmorland
at Rydal with Loughrigg.
The name Riddell
and its variants occur in both locations. Rideal is a classic example of an English polygenetic surname,
which is a surname that was developed in a number of different locations and adopted by various families independently.
Early Origins of the Rideal family
The surname Rideal was first found in Aquitaine where this baronial name was derived from a Gothic race. It was here that the Baron
of Blaye (c.
1030) granted lands to the Abbey of Fons Dulcis near Bordeaux. This grant was confirmed by Gerald de Blavia and one of his sons Geoffre Rudelli (Ridel.) The latter lived 1079-1099 and left for Scotland
during the time of King David I. Upon his arrival, he received grants of lands. He was the ancestor of the Riddells, Baronets.
Another Geoffrey Ridel from the preceding generation went to England from Apulia with William Bigod and is mentioned in the Domesday Book. He was Crown Commissioner in 1106. In 1120, he succeeded Ralph Basset as Justiciary.
Stephen Ridell was appointed Lord Chancellor of Ireland in 1186 and years later Stephen Riddel was Lord Chancellor of Ireland (c. 1313-1318). A member of the family of Picard changed his name to Ruddle, at the instance of King Edward IV., to denote his birthplace. CITATION[CLOSE]
Lowe, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print. "Almost all versions of the Battle Abbey Roll include the name of Ridel." CITATION[CLOSE]
Burke, John Bernard, The Roll of Battle Abbey. London: Edward Churton, 26, Holles Street, 1848, Print.
Early History of the Rideal family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Rideal research.Another 339 words (24 lines of text) covering the years 1030, 1106, 1124, 1577, 1582, 1590, 1595, 1601, 1604, 1616, 1663, 1632, 1669, 1700, 1664, 1747 and are included under the topic Early Rideal History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Rideal Spelling Variations
Anglo-Norman names tend to be marked by an enormous number of spelling variations
. This is largely due to the fact that Old and Middle English lacked any spelling rules when Norman French was introduced in the 11th century. The languages of the English courts at that time were French and Latin. These various languages mixed quite freely in the evolving social milieu. The final element of this mix is that medieval scribes spelled words according to their sounds rather than any definite rules, so a name was often spelled in as many different ways as the number of documents it appeared in. The name was spelled Riddell, Riddle, Riddall, Riddells, Ridel and others.
Early Notables of the Rideal family (pre 1700)
Another 39 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Rideal Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Rideal family to Ireland
Some of the Rideal family moved to Ireland
, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.Another 132 words (9 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Rideal family to the New World and Oceana
Because of the political and religious discontent in England
, families began to migrate abroad in enormous numbers. Faced with persecution and starvation at home, the open frontiers and generally less oppressive social environment of the New World seemed tantalizing indeed to many English people. The trip was difficult, and not all made it unscathed, but many of those who did get to Canada and the United States made important contributions to the young nations in which they settled. Some of the first North American settlers with Rideal name or one of its variants: William Riddell settled in Virginia in 1635; Archibald Riddell settled in New Jersey in 1685; Sarah Riddall settled in Virginia in 1640 with her husband.
Contemporary Notables of the name Rideal (post 1700)
- Sir Eric Keightley Rideal (1890-1974), English chemist