Early Origins of the Rainfurth family
The surname Rainfurth was first found in Lancashire
where they held a family seat
as Lords of the Manor of Rainford. The early history of this name is obscure since there wasn't a Rainford recorded in Lancashire
at the time of the taking of the Domesday Book
in 1086. The earliest record of the name was Raineford which was listed in Merseyside in 1198 CITATION[CLOSE]
Mills, A.D., Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-19-869156-4)
. They are descended from Rayne, in Essex
, which was held in 1086, before and after, by the Bishop of London. Rayne was also held by Roger de Raismes, a companion in Arms to William Duke of Normandy
at the Battle of Hastings, and from this latter noble we can assume they moved north into Lancashire
. Roger was from the Castle of Rames in Normandy
to the west of Bolbec, in the arrondisement of Havre. The family retained their ties with Essex
as we shall see.
Early History of the Rainfurth family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Rainfurth research.Another 231 words (16 lines of text) covering the years 1350, 1550 and 1690 are included under the topic Early Rainfurth History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Rainfurth Spelling Variations
Endless spelling variations
are a prevailing characteristic of Norman surnames. Old and Middle English lacked any definite spelling rules, and the introduction of Norman French added an unfamiliar ingredient to the English linguistic stew. French and Latin, the languages of the court, also influenced spellings. Finally, Medieval scribes generally spelled words according to how they sounded, so one person was often referred to by different spellings in different documents. The name has been spelled Rainford, Rainsford, Raynsford, Raynford, Rayneford and many more.
Early Notables of the Rainfurth family (pre 1700)
Another 18 words (1 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Rainfurth Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Rainfurth family to Ireland
Some of the Rainfurth family moved to Ireland
, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.Another 33 words (2 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Rainfurth family to the New World and Oceana
To escape the political and religious persecution within England
at the time, many English families left for the various British colonies abroad. The voyage was extremely difficult, though, and the cramped, dank ships caused many to arrive in the New World diseased and starving. But for those who made it, the trip was most often worth it. Many of the families who arrived went on to make valuable contributions to the emerging nations of Canada and the United States. An inquiry into the early roots of North American families reveals a number of immigrants bearing the name Rainfurth or a variant listed above: Edward and Mrs. Rainsford, and their son Edward, who arrived in Salem, Massachusetts in 1630; Captain Rainford who settled with his wife and three children in Jamaica in 1774.