When the Anglo- Normans
began to settle in Ireland
, they brought the tradition of local
surnames to an island which already had a Gaelic naming system of hereditary surnames
established. Unlike the Irish, the Anglo- Normans
had an affinity for local surnames. Local
surnames, such as Peppearde, were formed from the names of a place or a geographical landmark where the person lived, held land, or was born. The earliest Anglo-Norman surnames of this type came from Normandy
, but as the Normans
moved, they created names that referred to where they actually resided. Therefore, English places were used for names when the Normans
lived in England
, and then Irish places after these particular Anglo- Normans
had been settled in Ireland
for some time. Originally, these place names were prefixed by de, which means from in French. However, this type of prefix was eventually either made a part of the surname, if the place name began with a vowel, or it was eliminated entirely. The Peppearde family originally lived in either Peppard or Pipard in Normandy
. The surname Peppearde belongs to the large category of Anglo-Norman habitation names, which are derived from pre-existing names for towns, villages, parishes, or farmsteads.
Early Origins of the Peppearde family
The surname Peppearde was first found in at Drogheda in County Louth
(Irish: Lú) the smallest county in Ireland
, located on the East coast, in the Province of Leinster
, where they were descended from Gilbert de Angulo, a Norman Commander of Strongbow
, the Earl of Pembroke. Gilbert obtained from King Henry II about 1195, all the lands called Maghery-Gallen and his son, Jocelyn received Ardbraccan and Navan. He became the Baron
Navan. Gilbert's second son, Peter Peppard, became Justiciary of Ireland, the first to be sire named Peppard. Peter's grandson Ralph, founded St. Mary's Abbey in Ardee.
Early History of the Peppearde family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Peppearde research.Another 117 words (8 lines of text) covering the years 169 and 1695 are included under the topic Early Peppearde History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Peppearde Spelling Variations
It was found during an investigation of the origins of the name Peppearde that church officials and medieval scribes often spelled the name as it sounded. This practice lead to a single person's being documented under many spelling variations
. The name Peppearde has existed in the various shapes: Peppard, Pepard, Pappard, DePappard, Pepperd, Peperd and many more.
Early Notables of the Peppearde family (pre 1700)
More information is included under the topic Early Peppearde Notables in all our PDF Extended History products
and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Peppearde family to the New World and Oceana
Irish immigration to North American began in the late 18th century as many Irish families
desired to own their own land. This pattern of immigration grew slowly yet steadily until the 1840s. At that time, a failed crop and a growing population in Ireland
resulted in the Great Potato Famine
. Poverty, disease, and starvation ravaged the land. To ease their pain and suffering the Irish often looked upon North America as a solution: hundreds of thousands undertook the voyage. Their arrival meant the growth of industry and commerce for British North America and the United States. For the individual Irishman, it meant survival and hope, and the opportunity for work, freedom, and ownership of land. The early immigration and passenger lists revealed many bearing the name Peppearde: John Peppard who landed in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1826; James also landed in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1828.
The Peppearde Motto
The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.
Motto: Virtute et valore
Motto Translation: By virtue and valour