, one of the original six "Celtic nations" is the homeland to the surname Pengley. A revival of the Cornish language which began in the 9th century AD has begun. No doubt this was the language spoken by distant forebears of the Pengley family. Though surnames became common during medieval times, English people were formerly known only by a single name. The way in which hereditary surnames
were adopted in medieval England
is fascinating. Many Cornish surnames appear to be topographic surnames, which were given to people who resided near physical features such as hills, streams, churches, or types of trees, many are actually habitation surnames. The name Pengley is a local
type of surname and the Pengley family lived in Cornwall, at the manor of Pengelly.
Early Origins of the Pengley family
The surname Pengley was first found in Cornwall
at Pengelly (Cornish: Penn-gelli), a hamlet now part of the village of Delabole.
Early History of the Pengley family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Pengley research.Another 125 words (9 lines of text) covering the years 1650, 1696, 1675, 1730, 1722, 1727 and 1726 are included under the topic Early Pengley History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Pengley Spelling Variations
Cornish surnames are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations
. The frequent changes in surnames are due to the fact that the Old and Middle English languages lacked definite spelling rules. The official court languages, which were Latin and French, were also influential on the spelling of a surname. Since the spelling of surnames was rarely consistent in medieval times, and scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded rather than adhering to any specific spelling rules, it was common to find the same individual referred to with different spellings of their surname in the ancient chronicles. Moreover, a large number of foreign names were brought into England
, which accelerated and accentuated the alterations to the spelling of various surnames. Lastly, spelling variations
often resulted from the linguistic differences between the people of Cornwall
and the rest of England
. The Cornish spoke a unique Brythonic Celtic
language which was first recorded in written documents during the 10th century. However, they became increasingly Anglicized, and Cornish became extinct as a spoken language in 1777, although it has been revived by Cornish patriots in the modern era. The name has been spelled Pengelly, Pengley, Pengelley and others.
Early Notables of the Pengley family (pre 1700)
Notable amongst the family at this time was Thomas Pengelly ( fl.
c.1650-1696), a wealthy British merchant who traded with the Eastern Mediterranean and the Atlantic Seaboard; he owned property in the East End of London, as well... Another 37 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Pengley Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Pengley family to the New World and Oceana
An inquiry into the early roots of North American families reveals a number of immigrants bearing the name Pengley or a variant listed above:
Pengley Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
- John Pengley, who settled in Barstable Massachusetts in 1822