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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright 2000 - 2017


The Atlantic Ocean to the north and west and the English Channel to the south borders Cornwall, the homeland to the Pengelay family name. Even though the usage of surnames was common during the Middle Ages, all English people were known only by a single name in early times. The manner in which hereditary surnames arose is interesting. Local surnames are derived from where the original bearer lived, was born, or held land. The Pengelay family originally lived in Cornwall, at the manor of Pengelly.

Pengelay Early Origins



The surname Pengelay was first found in Cornwall at Pengelly (Cornish: Penn-gelli), a hamlet now part of the village of Delabole.

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Pengelay Spelling Variations


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Pengelay Spelling Variations



Cornish surnames are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations. The frequent changes in surnames are due to the fact that the Old and Middle English languages lacked definite spelling rules. The official court languages, which were Latin and French, were also influential on the spelling of a surname. Since the spelling of surnames was rarely consistent in medieval times, and scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded rather than adhering to any specific spelling rules, it was common to find the same individual referred to with different spellings of their surname in the ancient chronicles. Moreover, a large number of foreign names were brought into England, which accelerated and accentuated the alterations to the spelling of various surnames. Lastly, spelling variations often resulted from the linguistic differences between the people of Cornwall and the rest of England. The Cornish spoke a unique Brythonic Celtic language which was first recorded in written documents during the 10th century. However, they became increasingly Anglicized, and Cornish became extinct as a spoken language in 1777, although it has been revived by Cornish patriots in the modern era. The name has been spelled Pengelly, Pengley, Pengelley and others.

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Pengelay Early History


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Pengelay Early History



This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Pengelay research. Another 125 words (9 lines of text) covering the years 1650, 1696, 1675, 1730, 1722, 1727 and 1726 are included under the topic Early Pengelay History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Pengelay Early Notables (pre 1700)


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Pengelay Early Notables (pre 1700)



Notable amongst the family at this time was Thomas Pengelly ( fl. c.1650-1696), a wealthy British merchant who traded with the Eastern Mediterranean and the Atlantic Seaboard; he owned property in the East End of London, as well...

Another 37 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Pengelay Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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The Great Migration


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The Great Migration



Early North American immigration records have revealed a number of people bearing the name Pengelay or a variant listed above: Richard Pengelly settled in Philadelphia in 1858; John Pengley settled in Barstable Massachusetts in 1822.

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Pengelay Family Crest Products


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Pengelay Family Crest Products




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See Also


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See Also




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Citations


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Citations



    Other References

    1. Library of Congress. American and English Genealogies in the Library of Congress. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1967. Print.
    2. Reaney P.H and R.M. Wilson. A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X).
    3. Bradford, William. History of Plymouth Plantation 1620-1647 Edited by Samuel Eliot Morrison 2 Volumes. New York: Russell and Russell, 1968. Print.
    4. Shaw, William A. Knights of England A Complete Record from the Earliest Time to the Present Day of the Knights of all the Orders of Chivalry in England, Scotland, Ireland and Knights Bachelors 2 Volumes. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print. (ISBN 080630443X).
    5. Humble, Richard. The Fall of Saxon England. New York: Barnes and Noble, 1975. Print. (ISBN 0-88029-987-8).
    6. The Norman People and Their Existing Descendants in the British Dominions and the United States Of America. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1975. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0636-X).
    7. Mills, A.D. Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-19-869156-4).
    8. Foster, Joseph. Dictionary of Heraldry Feudal Coats of Arms and Pedigrees. London: Bracken Books, 1989. Print. (ISBN 1-85170-309-8).
    9. Markale, J. Celtic Civilization. London: Gordon & Cremonesi, 1976. Print.
    10. Thirsk, Joan. The Agrarian History of England and Wales. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press: 7 Volumes. Print.
    11. ...

    The Pengelay Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Pengelay Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

    This page was last modified on 22 April 2014 at 08:49.

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