name Onderwold comes from the family having resided in a forest, below a forest on a hillside, or in either of the settlements called Underwood in Derbyshire
. The surname Onderwold belongs to both the category of habitation
names, which are derived from pre-existing names for towns, villages, parishes, or farmsteads, and the class of topographic
surnames, which were given to people who resided near physical features such as hills, streams, churches, or types of trees.
Early Origins of the Onderwold family
The surname Onderwold was first found in Derbyshire
at Underwood, a liberty, in the parish of Ashbourn, hundred
of Wirksworth. Underwood is also a hamlet, in the parish of Selston, union of Basford in Nottinghamshire
, but it is the former from where the family originated. CITATION[CLOSE]
Lowe, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.
Literally the place names mean "place within or near a wood," from the Old English "under" + "wudu." CITATION[CLOSE]
Mills, A.D., Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-19-869156-4)
However, we must look to Suffolk for the first records of the surname for it is there in 1188 William de Underwode was found. A few years later in Yorkshire, William Underwude de Clokton was listed in the Assize Rolls of 1219. William Under the Wode was listed in the Subsidy Rolls of Staffordshire in 1332. CITATION[CLOSE]
Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
The Hundredorum Rolls of 1273 had two listings: John Underwode in Oxfordshire; and Hugh Underwod in Cambridgeshire. Robertus Vndrewode was listed in a Latin form of then name in the Yorkshire Poll Tax Rolls of 1379. CITATION[CLOSE]
Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
Early History of the Onderwold family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Onderwold research.Another 196 words (14 lines of text) covering the years 163 and 1632 are included under the topic Early Onderwold History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Onderwold Spelling Variations
Onderwold has been spelled many different ways. Before English spelling became standardized over the last few hundred years, spelling variations
in names were a common occurrence. As the English language changed in the Middle Ages, absorbing pieces of Latin and French, as well as other languages, the spelling of people's names also changed considerably, even over a single lifetime. Spelling variants included: Underwood, Underwoode and others.
Early Notables of the Onderwold family (pre 1700)
More information is included under the topic Early Onderwold Notables in all our PDF Extended History products
and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Onderwold family to Ireland
Some of the Onderwold family moved to Ireland
, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.Another 45 words (3 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Onderwold family to the New World and Oceana
In an attempt to escape the chaos experienced in England
, many English families boarded overcrowded and diseased ships sailing for the shores of North America and other British colonies. Those families hardy enough, and lucky enough, to make the passage intact were rewarded with land and a social environment less prone to religious and political persecution. Many of these families became important contributors to the young colonies in which they settled. Early immigration and passenger lists have documented some of the first Onderwolds to arrive on North American shores: James Underwood settled in Salem, Massachusetts in 1630; Giles Underwood settled in Virginia in 1663; Martin Underwood and his wife Martha settled in Boston Massachusetts in 1634.
The Onderwold Motto
The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.
Motto: Omnes arbusta juvant
Motto Translation: Groves (Underwood) delight all men.