The Irish name O'Colfields has been taken as synonym for many other names. The Gaelic form of the name O'Colfields was generally Mac Cathmhaoil. The name Caulfield was used by people of the Irish names O Gamhna, O Caibheanaigh and Mac Conghamhna, and Mac Carrghamhna. The Anglicized form of these last four Irish surnames is Gaffney, but for some obscure reason, this has often been changed to Caulfield.
Early Origins of the O'Colfields family
The surname O'Colfields was first found in Fermanagh
(Irish: Fear Manach) in the southwestern part of Northern Ireland
, Province of Ulster
, where they held a family seat
from ancient times. They were directly descended from King Colla da Crioch through the Maguires, Princes of Fermanagh
. Castle Caulfield is a large ruined house in Castlecaulfield, County Tyrone
. At one time, the building was three stories high with large windows and tall chimney stacks. A wooden joist from the castle eludes to the age of the building as about 1282. The Caulfeild Coat of Arms is still seen over the entrance. Nearby, Sir Toby Caulfeild, 1st Baron
Caulfeild (1565–1627) built a house on the site of an earlier O'Donnelly castle. It was burned in the Irish Rebellion of 1641, but was rebuilt in the 1660s. Today Castle Caulfield is a ruin and declared a State Care Historic Monument.
Early History of the O'Colfields family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our O'Colfields research.Another 437 words (31 lines of text) covering the years 1565, 1627, 1607, 1587, 1640, 1621, 1642, 1622, 1642, 1624, 1671, 1726, 1682, 1734, 1685, 1716, 1715 and 1717 are included under the topic Early O'Colfields History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
O'Colfields Spelling Variations
Pronunciation, rather than spelling, guided scribes and church officials when recording names during the Middle Ages. This practice often resulted in one person's name being recorded under several different spellings. Numerous spelling variations
of the surname O'Colfields are preserved in these old documents. The various spellings of the name that were found include Caulfeild, Caulkin, Calfkins, Cawlfield, Cawfield, MacCaul, MacCawell and many more.
Early Notables of the O'Colfields family (pre 1700)
Notable among the family name at this time was William Caulfeild (1587-1640), 2nd Baron
Caulfeild; Toby Caulfeild (1621-1642), 3rd Baron
Caulfeild; Robert Caulfeild (1622-1642), 4th Baron
Caulfeild; William Caulfeild, 1st Viscount... Another 31 words (2 lines of text) are included under the topic Early O'Colfields Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the O'Colfields family to the New World and Oceana
A massive amount of Ireland's native population left the island in the 19th century for North America and Australia
in hopes of finding more opportunities and an escape from discrimination and oppression. A great portion of these migrants arrived on the eastern shores of the North American continent. Although they were generally poor and destitute, and, therefore, again discriminated against, these Irish people were heartily welcomed for the hard labor involved in the construction of railroads, canals, roadways, and buildings. Many others were put to work in the newly established factories or agricultural projects that were so essential to the development of what would become two of the wealthiest nations in the world. The Great Potato Famine
during the late 1840s initiated the largest wave of Iris immigration. Early North American immigration and passenger lists have revealed a number of people bearing the name O'Colfields or a variant listed above: Mary Caulfield, her husband Thomas and one child, settled in Charles Town [Charleston], South Carolina in 1822; Charlotte Caulfield settled in New Orleans in 1823.
The O'Colfields Motto
The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.
Motto: Deo duce ferro comitante
Motto Translation: God is my guide,and my sword is my companion.