The Irish name O'Cawlfields has been taken as synonym for many other names. The Gaelic form of the name O'Cawlfields was generally Mac Cathmhaoil. The name Caulfield was used by people of the Irish names O Gamhna, O Caibheanaigh and Mac Conghamhna, and Mac Carrghamhna. The Anglicized form of these last four Irish surnames is Gaffney, but for some obscure reason, this has often been changed to Caulfield.
Early Origins of the O'Cawlfields family
The surname O'Cawlfields was first found in Fermanagh
(Irish: Fear Manach) in the southwestern part of Northern Ireland
, Province of Ulster
, where they held a family seat
from ancient times. They were directly descended from King Colla da Crioch through the Maguires, Princes of Fermanagh
. Castle Caulfield is a large ruined house in Castlecaulfield, County Tyrone
. At one time, the building was three stories high with large windows and tall chimney stacks. A wooden joist from the castle eludes to the age of the building as about 1282. The Caulfeild Coat of Arms is still seen over the entrance. Nearby, Sir Toby Caulfeild, 1st Baron
Caulfeild (1565–1627) built a house on the site of an earlier O'Donnelly castle. It was burned in the Irish Rebellion of 1641, but was rebuilt in the 1660s. Today Castle Caulfield is a ruin and declared a State Care Historic Monument.
Early History of the O'Cawlfields family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our O'Cawlfields research.Another 437 words (31 lines of text) covering the years 1565, 1627, 1607, 1587, 1640, 1621, 1642, 1622, 1642, 1624, 1671, 1726, 1682, 1734, 1685, 1716, 1715 and 1717 are included under the topic Early O'Cawlfields History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
O'Cawlfields Spelling Variations
Within the archives researched, many different spelling variations
of the surname O'Cawlfields were found. These included One reason for the many variations is that scribes and church officials often spelled an individual's name as it sounded. This imprecise method often led to many versions. Caulfeild, Caulkin, Calfkins, Cawlfield, Cawfield, MacCaul, MacCawell and many more.
Early Notables of the O'Cawlfields family (pre 1700)
Notable among the family name at this time was William Caulfeild (1587-1640), 2nd Baron
Caulfeild; Toby Caulfeild (1621-1642), 3rd Baron
Caulfeild; Robert Caulfeild (1622-1642), 4th Baron
Caulfeild; William Caulfeild, 1st Viscount... Another 31 words (2 lines of text) are included under the topic Early O'Cawlfields Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the O'Cawlfields family to the New World and Oceana
To escape the religious and political discrimination they experienced primarily at the hands of the English, thousands of Irish left their homeland in the 19th century. These migrants typically settled in communities throughout the East Coast of North America, but also joined the wagon trains moving out to the Midwest. Ironically, when the American War of Independence
began, many Irish settlers took the side of England
, and at the war's conclusion moved north to Canada. These United Empire Loyalists, were granted land along the St. Lawrence River and the Niagara Peninsula. Other Irish immigrants settled in Newfoundland, the Ottawa Valley, New Brunswick and Nova Scotia. The greatest influx of Irish immigrants, however, came to North America during the Great Potato Famine
of the late 1840s. Thousands left Ireland
at this time for North America and Australia
. Many of those numbers, however, did not live through the long sea passage. These Irish settlers to North America were immediately put to work building railroads, coal mines, bridges, and canals. Irish settlers made an inestimable contribution to the building of the New World. Early North American immigration records have revealed a number of people bearing the Irish name O'Cawlfields or a variant listed above, including: Mary Caulfield, her husband Thomas and one child, settled in Charles Town [Charleston], South Carolina in 1822; Charlotte Caulfield settled in New Orleans in 1823.
The O'Cawlfields Motto
The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.
Motto: Deo duce ferro comitante
Motto Translation: God is my guide,and my sword is my companion.