The history of the name Nicollus began when it was derived from The surname Nicollus is a patronymic
surname, belonging to the category of surnames known as hereditary surnames
. Nicollus is derived from the personal name Nicholas.
It was a popular given name in the Middle Ages. This surname came to England
with the Bretons
, who accompanied Duke William of Normandy
when he invaded England
in 1066. The Bretons
were from the peninsula of Brittany
in the northwest of France. Formerly known as Armorica, a possession of the Roman Empire
, this land consists of a plateau with a deeply indented coast and is broken by hills in the west. However, the region was renamed Britannia Minor by the Romans
, following the emigration of six thousand Britons
across the English Channel, an event which took place at the behest of the Roman Commander in Britain.
Early Origins of the Nicollus family
The surname Nicollus was first found in Cornwall; although in early times another branch of the family was established at West Horsley in Surrey
. "The east window contains some very ancient stained glass; and there are two handsome monuments to the Nicholas family, one of whom, Sir Edward, was secretary of state to Charles I. and II." CITATION[CLOSE]
Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
Early History of the Nicollus family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Nicollus research.Another 233 words (17 lines of text) covering the years 1525, 1611, 1658, 1657, 1594, 1661, 1593, 1669, 1595 and 1667 are included under the topic Early Nicollus History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Nicollus Spelling Variations
The Old and Middle English languages lacked definite spelling rules, and therefore, Breton
surnames have many spelling variations
. Latin and French, which were the official court languages, were also influential on the spelling of surnames. The spelling of surnames was rarely consistent in medieval times, and scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded rather than adhering to any specific spelling rules. Therefore, it was common to find the same individual referred to with different spellings of their surname in the ancient chronicles. Moreover, a large number of foreign names were brought into England
after the Norman Conquest
, which accelerated and accentuated the alterations to the spelling of various surnames. The name has been spelled Nicholas, Nicholl, Nichol, Nicholls, Nicolas and many more.
Early Notables of the Nicollus family (pre 1700)
Notable of this family during the Middle Ages was Matthew Nicholas (1594-1661), English Dean of St. Paul's Cathedral, London; Sir Edward Nicholas (1593-1669), an English office holder and politician... Another 29 words (2 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Nicollus Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Nicollus family to Ireland
Some of the Nicollus family moved to Ireland
, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.Another 47 words (3 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Nicollus family to the New World and Oceana
Early North American records indicate many people bearing the name Nicollus were among those contributors: Austin Nicholas, who arrived in Plymouth in 1621; Elizabeth Nicholls, who came to New England
in 1635; Andrew Nichols, who settled in Virginia in 1648.