The surname is one of the oldest family names to came from that French region known as Brittany
. It is derived from the Latin personal name
Nicolaus, meaning victory people.
Early Origins of the Nicolaz family
The surname Nicolaz was first found in Brittany
where they held a family seat
in the seigneurie of Trévidy. They were members of the nobility since the year 1497. In Brittany
they also branched to Champgèrault, Fardelière, Kerviziou, and Lézernant.
Early History of the Nicolaz family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Nicolaz research.Another 155 words (11 lines of text) covering the years 1820, 1501, 1516, 1598, 1617, 1682, 1625, 1709, 1625 and 1695 are included under the topic Early Nicolaz History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Nicolaz Spelling Variations
French surnames were subject to numerous alterations in spelling because of the various cultural groups that inhabited specific regions. Eventually, each region possessed its own local
dialect of the French language. The early development of the French language, however, was also influenced by other languages. For example, Old French was infused with Germanic words and sounds when barbarian tribes invaded and settled in France after the fall of the Roman Empire
. Middle French also borrowed heavily from the Italian language during the Renaissance
. As a result of these linguistic and cultural influences, the name Nicolaz is distinguished by a number of regional variations. The many spelling variations
of the name include Nicolas, De Nicolas, Nicolis, Nicolaz, Nicolais, Nicolai, Nicola, Nicolay, Nicolau, Nicolaud, Nicolaus, DeNicolai and many more.
Early Notables of the Nicolaz family (pre 1700)
Notable amongst this name at this time was Louis Nicolas (died 1682), French missionary in Canada, author of the books "Histoire Naturelle des Indes Occidentales" and the "Grammaire algonquine"; Gabriel Nicolas... Another 30 words (2 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Nicolaz Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Nicolaz family to the New World and Oceana
In 1643, 109 years after the first landings by Cartier, there were only about 300 people in Quebec. Migration was slow. The fur trade attracted migrants, both noble and commoner. By 1675, there were 7000 French in Quebec. By the same year the French Acadian presence in the Maritimes had reached 500. The French founded Lower Canada, thus becoming one of the two great founding nations of Canada. The family name Nicolaz has made many distinguished contributions in France and New France to the world of science, culture, religion, and education. Amongst the settlers in North America with this distinguished name Nicolaz were Etienne Nicolas who arrived in Quebec in 1750 from Aunis near Bordeaux, although this is thought to be his port of embarkation rather than his home region..
The Nicolaz Motto
The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.
Motto: En bon espoir
Motto Translation: In good hope.