Metz History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms
During the Middle Ages, the surname of Metz was used in Austria. While the patronymic and metronymic surnames, which are derived from the name of the father and mother respectively, are the most common form of a hereditary surname in Germany, occupational surnames also emerged during the late Middle Ages. Many people, such as the Metz family, adopted the name of their occupation as their surname. However, an occupational name did not become a hereditary surname until the office or type of employment became hereditary. The surname Metz was an occupational name for a knife maker having derived from the Old German word messer, meaning knife.
Early Origins of the Metz family
The surname Metz was first found in Austria, where the name could be considered to have made a great contribution to the feudal society which became the backbone of modern Europe. Literally, the name could either mean "one who made knives and daggers," for "Metz" is the mediaeval form of "Messer," or it could mean "one who operates a mill," for "metze" was the medaieval weight scale for foodstuff such as corn and flour. Chronicles first mention one Peter mit der metzen of Glatz in 1356, and a "Mecze" who was the wife of Ramfold von Gersdorf in 1390. Metz is also the Germanized form of the Latin "Mediomatrica," a city on the Moselle River in what was once Westphalia, but is now France, which Caesar described as one of the oldest and most important towns of Gaul. The name "Metzer" then means "from the city of Metz." Strasbourg chronicles mention Conrad Metzer von Hagenau in 1295. The name became prominent in local affairs and branched into many houses which played important roles in the tribal and national conflicts, in which each group sought power and status in an ever changing territorial profile.
Early History of the Metz family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Metz research. Another 159 words (11 lines of text) covering the years 1787 and 1796 are included under the topic Early Metz History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Metz Spelling Variations
One can encounter great variation in the spelling of surnames: in early times, spelling in general, and thus the spelling of names was not yet standardized; and later, spellings would change with branching and movement of families. Variations of the name Metz include Metz, Metzmacher, Metzner, Metze, Mets, Metsch and many more.
Early Notables of the Metz family (pre 1700)
Another 39 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Metz Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
In the United States, the name Metz is the 1,657th most popular surname with an estimated 19,896 people with that name.  However, in France, the name Metz is ranked the 2,362nd most popular surname with an estimated 2,500 - 3,000 people with that name. 
Austria was made a republic after the First World War. The Austro-Hungarian Empire was broken up by the Treaty of Versailles and many of its people found themselves in the new nation of Czechoslovakia. Many other Austrians and expatriate Austrians made their way to North America in the 20th century. Most landed in Philadelphia, later continuing on to the states of Ohio, Texas, Illinois, California, New York, and Maryland. Some Austrian settlers also went to western Canada and Ontario. Research into the origins of individual families in North America revealed records of the immigration of a number of people bearing the name Metz or a variant listed above:
Metz Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
Metz Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
Some of the first settlers of this family name were:
Metz Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century