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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright © 2000 - 2016


During the Middle Ages, the surname of Metz was used in Austria. While the patronymic and metronymic surnames, which are derived from the name of the father and mother respectively, are the most common form of a hereditary surname in Germany, occupational surnames also emerged during the late Middle Ages. Many people, such as the Metz family, adopted the name of their occupation as their surname. However, an occupational name did not become a hereditary surname until the office or type of employment became hereditary. The surname Metz was an occupational name for a knife maker having derived from the Old German word messer, meaning knife.

Metz Early Origins



The surname Metz was first found in Austria, where the name could be considered to have made a great contribution to the feudal society which became the backbone of modern Europe. Literally, the name could either mean "one who made knives and daggers," for "Metz" is the mediaeval form of "Messer," or it could mean "one who operates a mill," for "metze" was the medaieval weight scale for foodstuff such as corn and flour. Chronicles first mention one Peter mit der metzen of Glatz in 1356, and a "Mecze" who was the wife of Ramfold von Gersdorf in 1390. Metz is also the Germanized form of the Latin "Mediomatrica," a city on the Moselle River in what was once Westphalia, but is now France, which Caesar described as one of the oldest and most important towns of Gaul. The name "Metzer" then means "from the city of Metz." Strasbourg chronicles mention Conrad Metzer von Hagenau in 1295. The name became prominent in local affairs and branched into many houses which played important roles in the tribal and national conflicts, in which each group sought power and status in an ever changing territorial profile.

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Metz Spelling Variations


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Metz Spelling Variations



One can encounter great variation in the spelling of surnames: in early times, spelling in general, and thus the spelling of names was not yet standardized; and later, spellings would change with branching and movement of families. Variations of the name Metz include Metz, Metzmacher, Metzner, Metze, Mets, Metsch and many more.

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Metz Early History


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Metz Early History



This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Metz research. Another 296 words (21 lines of text) covering the years 1787 and 1796 are included under the topic Early Metz History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Metz Early Notables (pre 1700)


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Metz Early Notables (pre 1700)



Another 39 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Metz Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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The Great Migration


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The Great Migration



Austria was made a republic after the First World War. The Austro-Hungarian Empire was broken up by the Treaty of Versailles and many of its people found themselves in the new nation of Czechoslovakia. Many other Austrians and expatriate Austrians made their way to North America in the 20th century. Most landed in Philadelphia, later continuing on to the states of Ohio, Texas, Illinois, California, New York, and Maryland. Some Austrian settlers also went to western Canada and Ontario. Research into the origins of individual families in North America revealed records of the immigration of a number of people bearing the name Metz or a variant listed above:

Metz Settlers in United States in the 18th Century

  • Andrew Metz, his wife, and four children, Sebastian Metz, his wife, and three children, and Simon Metz with his wife and three children, all of whom emigrated to America in 1709
  • Charles Metz, aged 15, landed in Louisiana in 1719
  • Johan Carl Metz, who arrived in Pennsylvania in 1741
  • Dewalt Metz, who arrived in Pennsylvania in 1749
  • Christoph Metz, who landed in Pennsylvania in 1750
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Metz Settlers in United States in the 19th Century

  • Wilhelm Metz, who landed in America in 1832
  • Jakob Metz, who landed in Iowa in 1833
  • Henry Metz, who landed in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1834
  • Leonard Metz, who landed in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1839
  • John Metz, who landed in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1844
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Metz Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century

  • Fedko Metz, who arrived in Halifax, Nova Scotia in 1899

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Contemporary Notables of the name Metz (post 1700)


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Contemporary Notables of the name Metz (post 1700)



  • Donald J. Metz (1924-1999), American nuclear engineer at Brookhaven National Laboratory
  • E. A. Metz, American Democrat politician, Alternate Delegate to Democratic National Convention from Indiana, 1912
  • Durbin Metz, American Democrat politician, Delegate to Democratic National Convention from Ohio, 1924
  • Charles E. Metz Jr., American Republican politician, Presidential Elector for Pennsylvania, 1956
  • Charles Metz, American politician, Candidate for New York State Senate 16th District, 1926; Candidate for New York State Assembly from New York County 16th District, 1928
  • Arthur G. Metz, American Democrat politician, Candidate for Wisconsin State Assembly from Dane County 1st District, 1938
  • Albert F. Metz, American Republican politician, Alternate Delegate to Republican National Convention from New Jersey, 1952
  • Adam Metz Jr., American politician, Member of New York State Assembly from Queens County 3rd District, 1912
  • A. D. Metz, American Democrat politician, Delegate to Democratic National Convention from Ohio, 1916
  • F. R. Metz, American politician, Mayor of Bedford, Ohio, 1951
  • ... (Another 20 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

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Suggested Readings for the name Metz


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Suggested Readings for the name Metz



  • Metts Ancestors in America by Albert Caswell Metts.
  • Metz Families Research by Irene R. Williams Berg.

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Metz Family Crest Products


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Metz Family Crest Products




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See Also


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See Also




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Citations


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Citations



    Other References

    1. Göbel, Otto. Niederdeutsche Familiennamen der Gegenwart Wolfshagen-Schäbentz. Franz: Westphal, 1936. Print.
    2. Siebmacher, J.J. Siebmacher's Grosses Wappenbuch 35 Volumes. Germany: Bauer & Raspe. Print.
    3. Bolton, Charles Knowles. Bolton's American Armory. Baltimore: Heraldic Book Company, 1964. Print.
    4. Bahlow, Hans. Deutschlands geographische Namenwelt Etymologisches Lexikon der Fluss- und Ortsnamen alteuropaischer Herkunft. Frankfurt: Suhrkamp, 1985. Print.
    5. Tobler-Meyer, Wilhelm. Familiennamen der Ostschweiz. Zürich: 1894. Print.
    6. Rolland, and H.V. Rolland. Illustrations to the Armorial general by J. B. Rietstap 6 volumes in 3. Baltimore: Heraldic Book Company, 1976. Print.
    7. Kneschke, Dr. Ernest Heinrich. Neues allgemeines Deutsches Adels-Lexicon 9 Volumes New General German Aristocracy Lexicon. Leipzig: Friedrich Voigt, 1859. Print.
    8. Strassburger, Ralph B. Pennsylvania German Pioneers The Original Lists of Arrivals in the Port of Philadelphia 3 Volumes. Baltimore: Picton Press, 1992. Print. (ISBN 978-0929539980).
    9. Oswald, G. Lexicon der Heraldik. Leipzig: 1984. Print.
    10. Rupp, Daniel L. A Collection of Upwards of Thirty Thousand Names of German, Swiss, Dutch, French and Other Immigrants to Pennsylvania from 1727 to 1776. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 2000. Print. (ISBN 978-0806303024).
    11. ...

    The Metz Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Metz Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

    This page was last modified on 12 January 2016 at 14:19.

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