, one of the original six "Celtic nations" is the homeland to the surname Merrefield. A revival of the Cornish language which began in the 9th century AD has begun. No doubt this was the language spoken by distant forebears of the Merrefield family. Though surnames became common during medieval times, English people were formerly known only by a single name. The way in which hereditary surnames
were adopted in medieval England
is fascinating. Many Cornish surnames appear to be topographic surnames, which were given to people who resided near physical features such as hills, streams, churches, or types of trees, many are actually habitation surnames. The name Merrefield is a local
type of surname and the Merrefield family lived in Cornwall, in the village of Merryfield.
Early Origins of the Merrefield family
The surname Merrefield was first found in Cornwall
, where this prominent family flourished. Walter Merifild was recorded in Devon
in 1200 but it is believed the family had established itself earlier in St. Columb, Cornwall.
Early History of the Merrefield family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Merrefield research.Another 137 words (10 lines of text) covering the years 1273, 1341, 1584, 1621, 1678, 1659 and 1678 are included under the topic Early Merrefield History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Merrefield Spelling Variations
Cornish surnames are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations
. The frequent changes in surnames are due to the fact that the Old and Middle English languages lacked definite spelling rules. The official court languages, which were Latin and French, were also influential on the spelling of a surname. Since the spelling of surnames was rarely consistent in medieval times, and scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded rather than adhering to any specific spelling rules, it was common to find the same individual referred to with different spellings of their surname in the ancient chronicles. Moreover, a large number of foreign names were brought into England
, which accelerated and accentuated the alterations to the spelling of various surnames. Lastly, spelling variations
often resulted from the linguistic differences between the people of Cornwall
and the rest of England
. The Cornish spoke a unique Brythonic Celtic
language which was first recorded in written documents during the 10th century. However, they became increasingly Anglicized, and Cornish became extinct as a spoken language in 1777, although it has been revived by Cornish patriots in the modern era. The name has been spelled Merrifield, Merrifild, Merefield, Merrefield, Merrifeild, Merefeild, Maryfield, Meryfield, Meryfeld, Merryfield, Merrivale, Merivale, Marrivale, Merevale, Meervale, Merrivall, Merryvall and many more.
Early Notables of the Merrefield family (pre 1700)
Another 36 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Merrefield Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Merrefield family to the New World and Oceana
Amongst the settlers in North America with this distinguished name Merrefield were
Merrefield Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
- Joane Merrefield, who landed in Maryland in 1675 CITATION[CLOSE]
Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)