Merels is an ancient name whose history on English soil dates back to the wave of emigration that followed the Norman Conquest
in 1066. The name comes from the personal name
Muriel, which is composed of the Celtic elements muir,
which means sea,
which means bright.
This personal name was extremely common during the Middle Ages in Continental Europe. It was introduced to England
by the Breton
settlers who accompanied Norman the Conqueror. In Northern England
, the name was also imported by the Norsemen from Ireland
and in Western England
the name developed as a result of Welsh
Hanks, Patricia and Flavia Hodges, A Dictionary of Surnames. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1988. Print. (ISBN 0-19-211592-8)
Early Origins of the Merels family
The surname Merels was first found in Lancashire
where one of the first records of the name was Ougrim filius
Miriel who was listed there in the Pipe Rolls
of 1188. A few years later, Mirielis, Muriella de Stokes was listed in the Curia Regis Rolls of Buckinghamshire
in 1203 and later Johannes filius Miriald was listed in the Curia Regis Rolls of Yorkshire
in 1208. Continuing in Lancashire
, Godric Miriild, Mirild, Mirield was listed in the Pipe Rolls
(1184-1188) and Robert, Richard Muriel was listed in the Pipe Rolls
of 1195. By this time some of the family was found in Suffolk
where John Myrel was listed in the Subsidy Rolls
in 1327, Richard Meryel and Walter Merel was listed in the Subsidy Rolls
of 1381. CITATION[CLOSE]
Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
The Hundredorum Rolls
of 1273 list: Matilda Miriel in Cambridgeshire; Henry filius Mirield in Lincolnshire; Robert filius Muriel in Huntingdonshire; Thomas filius Muriel in Shropshire; and Richard Miriel in Norfolk
Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
Early History of the Merels family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Merels research.Another 135 words (10 lines of text) covering the years 135 and 1350 are included under the topic Early Merels History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Merels Spelling Variations
Endless spelling variations
are a prevailing characteristic of Norman surnames. Old and Middle English lacked any definite spelling rules, and the introduction of Norman French added an unfamiliar ingredient to the English linguistic stew. French and Latin, the languages of the court, also influenced spellings. Finally, Medieval scribes generally spelled words according to how they sounded, so one person was often referred to by different spellings in different documents. The name has been spelled Merrill, Meyrill, Merell, Merells, Meyrell and many more.
Early Notables of the Merels family (pre 1700)
More information is included under the topic Early Merels Notables in all our PDF Extended History products
and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Merels family to the New World and Oceana
To escape the political and religious persecution within England
at the time, many English families left for the various British colonies abroad. The voyage was extremely difficult, though, and the cramped, dank ships caused many to arrive in the New World diseased and starving. But for those who made it, the trip was most often worth it. Many of the families who arrived went on to make valuable contributions to the emerging nations of Canada and the United States. An inquiry into the early roots of North American families reveals a number of immigrants bearing the name Merels or a variant listed above: John Merrill, who settled in Boston Mass in 1630; Peirce Merrill settled in Virginia in 1655; John Merrill settled in Barbados in 1663; Moses Merrill settled in Boston in 1822..