The surname Mabillault was first found in Roche-Mabile, a commune in the Orne department in north-western France having derived from the French word "bille" which means a piece of wood.
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One can encounter great variation in the spelling of French surnames; in part, as spelling, and the spelling names was not yet standardized during the early development of the written French language. Later, there was much branching and movement of families, and spellings would change according to region. Variations of the name Mabillault include Mabille, Mabile, Mabire, Mabilleau, Mabillon and many more.
Migration from France to New France or Quebec as it was now more popularly called, continued from France until it fell in 1759. By 1675, there were 7000 French in Quebec. By the same year the Acadian presence in Nova Scotia, New Brunswick and Prince Edward Island had reached 500. In the treaty of Utrecht, the Acadians were ceded by France to Britain in 1713. In 1755, 10,000 French Acadians refused to take an oath of allegiance to England
and were deported. They found refuge in Louisiana. In 1793, the remaining French in these provinces came under British rule. Meanwhile, in Quebec, the French race flourished, founding in Lower Canada, one of the two great solitudes which became Canada. Many of this distinguished family name Mabillault were prominent in social, cultural, religious and political affairs in France and New France. Amongst the settlers in North America with this distinguished name Mabillault were