Of all the Anglo-Saxon
names to come from Britain, Kyppax is one of the most ancient. The name is a result of the original family having lived in the village of Kippax, located in the county of Yorkshire.
Early Origins of the Kyppax family
The surname Kyppax was first found in Yorkshire
where they held a family seat
as Lords of the Manor of Kippax, a large and important Norman village. After the Battle of Hastings in 1066, William, Duke of Normandy
, having prevailed over King Harold, granted most of Britain to his many victorious Barons. It was not uncommon to find a Baron
, or a Bishop, with 60 or more Lordships scattered throughout the country. These he gave to his sons, nephews and other junior lines of his family and they became known as under-tenants. They adopted the Norman system of surnames which identified the under-tenant with his holdings so as to distinguish him from the senior stem of the family. After many rebellious wars between his Barons, Duke William, commissioned a census of all England
to determine in 1086, settling once and for all, who held which land. He called the census the Domesday Book
Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
indicating that those holders registered would hold the land until the end of time. Hence, Kippax, at the taking of the Domesday Book
was held by Ilbert de Lacy, a Norman Baron, who was at the Battle of Hastings. and who was granted 150 lordships in Yorkshire
in addition to the whole district known then as Blackburnshire in now Lancashire
. His holdings included Pontefract Castle in Yorkshire
. Conjecturally, the Kippax family surname descends from a relation of this Baron
who held Kippax at that time.
Early History of the Kyppax family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Kyppax research.Another 149 words (11 lines of text) covering the years 1379, 1404, 1352, 1356, 1364, 1367, 1370, 1372, 1375, 1382, 1373, 1653 and 1722 are included under the topic Early Kyppax History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Kyppax Spelling Variations
The first dictionaries that appeared in the last few hundred
years did much to standardize the English language. Before that time, spelling variations
in names were a common occurrence. The language was changing, incorporating pieces of other languages, and the spelling of names changed with it. Kyppax has been spelled many different ways, including Kippax, Keepax, Kipax, Kepax, Kipas, Kypas, Kyppax, Kypax, Kipacks, Kepax, Kippacks, Cuppage, Cupage, Kippage, Kippash, Cuppash, Coppash, Cupacks and many more.
Early Notables of the Kyppax family (pre 1700)
Distinguished members of the family include John Keppock (died 1404), Irish judge who held the offices of Lord Chief Justice of Ireland
and Chief Baron
of the Irish Exchequer, in England
in 1352, acted as counsel for the powerful Anglo-Irish Cusack family, became King's Serjeant (1356), became Lord Chief Baron
(1364)... Another 82 words (6 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Kyppax Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Kyppax family to Ireland
Some of the Kyppax family moved to Ireland
, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.Another 78 words (6 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Kyppax family to the New World and Oceana
Thousands of English families in this era began to emigrate the New World in search of land and freedom from religious and political persecution. Although the passage was expensive and the ships were dark, crowded, and unsafe, those who made the voyage safely were rewarded with opportunities unavailable to them in their homeland. Research into passenger and immigration lists has revealed some of the very first Kyppaxs to arrive in North America: Peter Kippax settled in Virginia in 1699.