The Strongbownians added their own naming traditions to the eastern region of Ireland
to which they arrived. The impact of this new tradition was not extremely disruptive to the pre-existing Irish tradition because the two had many similarities. Both cultures made significant use of hereditary surnames
. And like the Irish, the Strongbownians often used prefixes to build patronymic
surnames, which are names based on the given name of the initial bearer's father or another older relative. Strongbow's followers often created names that were built with the prefix Fitz-, which was derived from the French word fils, and ultimately from the Latin filius
, both of which mean son. They also used diminutive suffixes such as "-ot," "-et," "-un," "-in," or "-el," and occasionally even two suffixes combined to form a double diminutive such as "-el-in," "-el-ot," "-in-ot," and "-et-in," to build patronymic names. The surname Jarroyd is derived from the Norman personal name
Gerald, which consists of the Germanic elements "geri" or "gari," which mean "spear," and "wald," which means "rule." The name features the distinctive Irish patronymic prefix fitz, which means son of in Anglo-French. This is derived from the Old French word "fils," which ultimately comes from the Latin word "filius." The Gaelic form of the surname Jarroyd is "Mac Gerailt."
Early Origins of the Jarroyd family
The surname Jarroyd was first found in Munster
, where they were granted lands by the Earl of Pembroke during his invasion of Ireland
in 1172. Otho Geraldino, one of the chief commanders of Williams the Conqueror landed in England
at the time of the Conquest and was created a Baron
for his efforts. As Norman constable of Pembroke, South Wales
, he went into Ireland
in the Anglo- Norman invasion
. Two generations later, Maurice was the first to use the name Fitzgerald. He was granted lands in Munster
in the south of Ireland
O'Hart, John, Irish Pedigrees 5th Edition in 2 Volumes. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1976. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0737-4)
Early History of the Jarroyd family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Jarroyd research.Another 663 words (47 lines of text) covering the years 1333, 1411, 1316, 1716, 1513, 1537, 1411, 1809, 1883, 1534, 1612, 1660, 1634, 1664, 1660, 1660 and 1661 are included under the topic Early Jarroyd History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Jarroyd Spelling Variations
Church officials and medieval scribes often spelled early surnames as they sounded. This practice often resulted in many spelling variations
of even a single name. Early versions of the name Jarroyd included: Fitzgerald, Geraldines, Desmond, Gerald, Geralds and others.
Early Notables of the Jarroyd family (pre 1700)
Notable amongst the family up to this time was Gerald Fitzgerald, ninth Earl who was impeached of high treason and died for his causes at the Tower of London 1534; George FitzGerald, 16th Earl of Kildare
(1612-1660), known as the "Fairy Earl", for no... Another 43 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Jarroyd Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Jarroyd family to the New World and Oceana
In the mid-19th century, Ireland
experienced one of the worst periods in its entire history. During this decade in order to ease the pressure of the soil, which was actually depleted by the effects of the previous years' grain crops, landowners forced tenant
farmers and peasants onto tiny plots of land that barely provided the basic sustenance a family required. Conditions were worsened, though, by the population of the country, which was growing fast to roughly eight million. So when the Great Potato Famine
of the mid-1840s hit, starvation and diseases decimated the population. Thousands of Irish families
left the country for British North America and the United States. The new immigrants were often accommodated either in the opening western frontiers or as cheap unskilled labor in the established centers. In early passenger and immigration lists there are many immigrants bearing the name Jarroyd: Redmond Fitzgerald landed in Virginia in 1635.
The Jarroyd Motto
The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.
Motto: Crom aboo
Motto Translation: Crom for ever.