Illyard History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms
- Origins Available:
The ancient history of the Illyard name begins with the ancient Anglo-Saxon tribes of Britain. The name is derived from when the family resided in Surrey. As a local name, it was derived from the local 'at the hill-garth' or 'hill-yard.' 
"Hildyard, formerly Hildheard, [was] an ancient personal name. The family are said to have sprung from Robert Hildheard, of Normanby, Yorkshire, in the year 1109." 
Alternatively, the name could have been derived from the Old German Hildigard, Hildiardis (f) ‘war stronghold’ 
And finally, the name could also have been an occupational name for a hellier who was a roofer, tiler, or thatcher.
Early Origins of the Illyard family
The surname Illyard was first found in Surrey where the name was first listed as a forename, Hildiard de Trule in the Curia Regis Rolls of 1206. Hyldeiard (with no forename) was registered in the Feet of Fines for Essex in 1228 and Robert Hildyard, Hiliard was listed in the Hundredorum Rolls for 1275 in Yorkshire. 
The Hundredorum Rolls of 1273 included: Robert de Hildgard, Yorkshire; Robert de Hildyard, Yorkshire; Robert Hiliard, Yorkshire; Robert Hildeyerd, Yorkshire. "These four entries represent, no doubt, the same individual." 
Early History of the Illyard family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Illyard research. Another 157 words (11 lines of text) covering the years 1109, 1485, 1660, 1612, 1685, 1670, 1729, 1716, 1781, 1743, 1814, 1602, 1537, 1619, 1640, 1690, 1746, 1689, 1690, 1743 and 1746 are included under the topic Early Illyard History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Illyard Spelling Variations
Until quite recently, the English language has lacked a definite system of spelling rules. Consequently, Anglo-Saxon surnames are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations. Changes in Anglo-Saxon names were influenced by the evolution of the English language, as it incorporated elements of French, Latin, and other languages. Although Medieval scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded, so it is common to find one person referred to by several different spellings of his surname, even the most literate people varied the spelling of their own names. Variations of the name Illyard include Hilliard, Hildyard, Hillard, Hildheard and others.
Early Notables of the Illyard family (pre 1700)
Notables of the family at this time include Sir Christopher Hildyard (d. 1602), whose tomb is in Church of St. German in Winestead, as well as a Hildyard, Sheriff of Nottingham.
Nicholas Hilliard (1537-1619), was an English miniature painter, court painter to Elizabeth and to James I. His son, Lawrence Hilliard (d. 1640), English miniature painter continued his father's work. 
Thomas Hildeyard (1690-1746), was a Jesuit, of a respectable Lincolnshire...
Another 69 words (5 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Illyard Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Illyard family
Searching for a better life, many English families migrated to British colonies. Unfortunately, the majority of them traveled under extremely harsh conditions: overcrowding on the ships caused the majority of the immigrants to arrive diseased, famished, and destitute from the long journey across the ocean. For those families that arrived safely, modest prosperity was attainable, and many went on to make invaluable contributions to the development of the cultures of the new colonies. Research into the origins of individual families in North America revealed records of the immigration of a number of people bearing the name Illyard or a variant listed above: John and Gregory Hilliard, who settled in Virginia in 1623; Charles Hilliard settled in Virginia in 1635; George Hilliard settled in Virginia in 1659.
Related Stories +
- ^ Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
- ^ Burke, John and Burke, Sir Bernard, C.B. LL.D Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage
. London: Harrison, 59, Pall Mall, 1865, Print.
- ^ Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
- ^ Smith, George (ed), Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co., 1885-1900. Print