The name Hitand reached England
in the great wave of migration following the Norman Conquest
of 1066. It is based on the Old Norman female personal name Idunn,
which is thought to be composed of the elements idja,
which means to work or perform,
which means to love.
While most surnames adapted from personal names descend through patronymic
lineage, the name Iddon is a relatively rare case of a metronymic name. While patronymic lineage was traditional in Norman society, in cases such as when a man had a second family and wished to distinguish between the two groups the children may have adopted the name of the mother.
Early Origins of the Hitand family
The surname Hitand was first found in Sussex
where they held a family seat
as Lords of the Manor of Iden. The village of Iden appeared in the Domesday Book
Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
a census taken by Duke William of Normandy
in 1086 after his conquest of England
in 1066 A.D. At this time the village was held by Geoffrey and Leofwin from the Count of Eu, the tenant-in-chief. Conjecturally this family name is descended from one of those Norman nobles. The village, originally spelt 'Idene' is the name of a Norse goddess. From about the 16th century the name was more popularly spelt Iddon.
Early History of the Hitand family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Hitand research.Another 127 words (9 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Hitand History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Hitand Spelling Variations
in names were a common occurrence in the eras before English spelling was standardized a few hundred
years ago. In the Middle Ages, even the literate regularly changed the spellings of their names as the English language incorporated elements of French, Latin, and other European languages. Many variations of the name Hitand have been found, including Iddon, Idon, Iden, Idens, Iddin, Iddins, Hidden and many more.
Early Notables of the Hitand family (pre 1700)
More information is included under the topic Early Hitand Notables in all our PDF Extended History products
and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Hitand family to the New World and Oceana
For many English families, the social climate in England
was oppressive and lacked opportunity for change. For such families, the shores of Ireland
, and the New World beckoned. They left their homeland at great expense in ships that were overcrowded and full of disease. Many arrived after the long voyage sick, starving, and without a penny. But even those were greeted with greater opportunity than they could have experienced back home. Numerous English settlers who arrived in the United States and Canada at this time went on to make important contributions to the developing cultures of those countries. Many of those families went on to make significant contributions to the rapidly developing colonies in which they settled. Early North American records indicate many people bearing the name Hitand were among those contributors: E. Hidden who settled in New York State in 1823; Sarah Hiden settled in Boston Massachusetts in 1764; Frederick Iddins settled in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1837.