The ancient Anglo-Saxon
surname Hawklay came from the Old English personal name Hafoc,
which means hawk.
However, the surname Hawklay may have been applied as a nickname
to someone with a wild or cruel disposition. It may also be an occupational
surname given to a "hawker" or someone who held land in exchange for providing hawks to a lord. Lastly, the surname Hawklay may be a local
surname given to someone who lived in a nook or corner; in this case, the surname is derived from the Old English word halke,
which means nook
Early Origins of the Hawklay family
The surname Hawklay was first found in Lincolnshire
where Jocelin de Hawke was listed in the Hundredorum Rolls
of 1273. While this is the first listing of the name, years later the Yorkshire Poll Tax
Records of 1379 list: Thomas Hauke; Thomas Hauke, coteler; Adam Hawke; and Johannes Hawke. CITATION[CLOSE]
Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
On the more romantic side, one reference claims the name derives from the "bird: allusive to keenness of disposition." CITATION[CLOSE]
Lowe, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.
Early History of the Hawklay family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Hawklay research.Another 89 words (6 lines of text) covering the years 1066, 1705 and 1781 are included under the topic Early Hawklay History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Hawklay Spelling Variations
Sound was what guided spelling in the essentially pre-literate Middle Ages, so one person's name was often recorded under several variations during a single lifetime. Also, before the advent of the printing press and the first dictionaries, the English language was not standardized. Therefore, spelling variations
were common, even among the names of the most literate people. Known variations of the Hawklay family name include Hawk, Hawke, Hawkes, Hauk, Hauke and others.
Early Notables of the Hawklay family (pre 1700)
More information is included under the topic Early Hawklay Notables in all our PDF Extended History products
and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Hawklay family to the New World and Oceana
For political, religious, and economic reasons, thousands of English families boarded ships for Ireland
, the Canadas, the America colonies, and many of smaller tropical colonies in the hope of finding better lives abroad. Although the passage on the cramped, dank ships caused many to arrive in the New World diseased and starving, those families that survived the trip often went on to make valuable contributions to those new societies to which they arrived. Early immigrants bearing the Hawklay surname or a spelling variation of the name include: Mathew and Margaret Hawke, who arrived in Boston in 1630 and later moved to Salem; John Hawke, who arrived in Lynn, MA in 1630; Mary Hawkes, who came to Virginia in 1635.