Anglo-Saxon tribes of Britain. It is a product of when the family lived in the settlement of Hawthorn in the county of Durham, or near a hawthorn shrub or tree. Thus, the surname Harthurn belongs both the category of habitation names, which are derived from pre-existing names for towns, villages, parishes, or farmsteads, and to the class of topographic surnames, which were given to people who resided near physical features such as hills, streams, churches, or types of trees. The surname Harthurn is derived from the Old English word haguthorn, which means hawthorn.
Early Origins of the Harthurn family
Durham at Hawthorn, a township in the parish of Easington. The township dates back to 1155 when it was originally spelt Hagethorn and literally meant "place at the hawthorn," from the Old English "hagu-thorn." CITATION[CLOSE]
Mills, A.D., Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-19-869156-4) The place is most significant as "on the 5th of November, 1824, not less than 50 vessels perished in a storm immediately off this part, and the crews of all were lost, with the exception of the crew of one only, who were enabled to effect their escape by means of a rope, thrown from the vessel, and brought to land by a Newfoundland dog belonging to Major Anderson." CITATION[CLOSE]
Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print. "The New England family of this name left this country [(England)] in or before 1634, and until recently wrote themselves Hathorne." CITATION[CLOSE]
Lowe, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print. In Scotland, the name is an old Galloway name. "A family of the name were proprietors of Meikle or Over Aires in the parish of Kirkinner." CITATION[CLOSE]
Black, George F., The Surnames of Scotland Their Origin, Meaning and History. New York: New York Public Library, 1946. Print. (ISBN 0-87104-172-3) In other parts of England, the Hundredorum Rolls of 1273 revealed: Galfridus Hackthom in Huntingdonshire; and John atte Horethorne in Somerset. CITATION[CLOSE]
Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
Early History of the Harthurn family
Another 285 words (20 lines of text) covering the years 1273, 1455, 1484, 1602, 1628, 1606, 1681, 1630, 1641, 1717, 1692, 1804, 1864 and are included under the topic Early Harthurn History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Harthurn Spelling Variations
hundred years did much to standardize the English language. Before that time, spelling variations in names were a common occurrence. The language was changing, incorporating pieces of other languages, and the spelling of names changed with it. Harthurn has been spelled many different ways, including Hawthorne, Hathorne, Hawthorn and others.
Early Notables of the Harthurn family (pre 1700)
Another 39 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Harthurn Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Harthurn family to Ireland
Some of the Harthurn family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 107 words (8 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Harthurn family to the New World and Oceana
Thousands of English families in this era began to emigrate the New World in search of land and freedom from religious and political persecution. Although the passage was expensive and the ships were dark, crowded, and unsafe, those who made the voyage safely were rewarded with opportunities unavailable to them in their homeland. Research into passenger and immigration lists has revealed some of the very first Harthurns to arrive in North America: Mathew Hawthorn settled in Virginia in 1622; William Hathorne, who arrived in Dorchester, in 1630, later settling in Salem Massachusetts in 1630; Anne Hathorne, who came to Virginia in 1717.
The Harthurn Motto
The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.
Motto Translation: I shall stand.
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