Hackward History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The ancestors of the Hackward surname lived among the ancient Anglo-Saxon culture. The name comes from when they lived in Sussex where the name literally means "the wood frequented by hawks." [1]

Early Origins of the Hackward family

The surname Hackward was first found in Sussex where the family name was first referenced in the year 1230 when John Hackwude held estates in that county. Over one hundred years later, John de Haukwode was listed in the Feet of Fines of 1343 and John de Hawkwod was listed in the Assize Rolls of Essex in 1351. [2]

Sir John Hawkwood (c. 1320-1394) was an English mercenary or condottiere active in 14th century Italy. He was the "second son of Gilbert de Hawkwood of Hedingham Sibil, Hinckford, Essex, a tanner, was born in that place early in the fourteenth century. Gilbert de Hawkwood was a man of substance and gentle blood, the family having held land at Hedingham Sibil since the reign of John. He is also said to have been impressed for the French wars, and to have served as an archer in the army of Edward III." [3]

Early History of the Hackward family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Hackward research. Another 70 words (5 lines of text) covering the years 1455, 1487 and 1394 are included under the topic Early Hackward History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Hackward Spelling Variations

Before English spelling was standardized a few hundred years ago, spelling variations of names were a common occurrence. Elements of Latin, French and other languages became incorporated into English through the Middle Ages, and name spellings changed even among the literate. The variations of the surname Hackward include Hackwood, Hakewood, Hawkwood, Haykwood, Hakwood, Ackwood, Akwood, Hackward and many more.

Early Notables of the Hackward family (pre 1700)

Distinguished members of the family include the Hackwood of Sussex; and Sir John Hawkwood (died 1394), an English mercenary who was active in 14th century Italy. Known by the French as "Jean Haccoude" and the Italians as "Giovanni Acuto" he served first the Pope and then various groups in Italy for...
Another 50 words (4 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Hackward Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Migration of the Hackward family

A great wave of immigration to the New World was the result of the enormous political and religious disarray that struck England at that time. Families left for the New World in extremely large numbers. The long journey was the end of many immigrants and many more arrived sick and starving. Still, those who made it were rewarded with an opportunity far greater than they had known at home in England. These emigrant families went on to make significant contributions to these emerging colonies in which they settled. Some of the first North American settlers carried this name or one of its variants: Fra Hawkwood, who arrived in Virginia in 1650; John Hogward, who arrived in Virginia in 1664; Mary Hackwood, who came to Barbados in 1678; and James Hogwood, who came to St. John, N.B. in 1783..



  1. ^ Lower, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.
  2. ^ Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
  3. ^ Smith, George (ed), Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co., 1885-1900. Print


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