When the ancestors of the Hackfork family emigrated to England
following the Norman Conquest
in 1066 they brought their family name with them. They lived at Axford, in the county of Wiltshire
. Checking further we found the name was derived from the Old English words aesc
meaning ash tree
Early Origins of the Hackfork family
The surname Hackfork was first found in Wiltshire
at Axford, a hamlet in the Kennet Valley which dates back to 1184 when it was listed as Axeford. The place name literally means "ford by the ash-trees," having derived from the Old English words "aesc" + "ford." CITATION[CLOSE]
Mills, A.D., Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-19-869156-4)
The family held a family seat
at Ramsbury from ancient times. Today, Ramsbury is a village and civil parish that includes the hamlet Axford. It was originally spelt Ramesberrie. Ramsbury at the time of the Domesday Book
was one of the larger holdings in the county of Wiltshire
and consisted of 10 Mills. It was held by the Bishop of Salisbury. It also included Axford's Farm, from which the Axford family name is conjecturally descended. Axford's Farm is noted for its water mill. Axford is also a village in Hampshire
, part of the civil parish of Nutley.
Early History of the Hackfork family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Hackfork research.Another 83 words (6 lines of text) covering the years 121 and 1216 are included under the topic Early Hackfork History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Hackfork Spelling Variations
The English language only became standardized in the last few centuries. For that reason, spelling variations
are common among many Anglo-Norman names. The shape of the English language was frequently changed with the introduction of elements of Norman French, Latin, and other European languages; even the spelling of literate people's names were subsequently modified. Hackfork has been recorded under many different variations, including Axford, Acksford, Ackford, Hackford, Hacksford, Hawksford, Hawkford, Hawkesford and many more.
Early Notables of the Hackfork family (pre 1700)
More information is included under the topic Early Hackfork Notables in all our PDF Extended History products
and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Hackfork family to the New World and Oceana
To escape the uncertainty of the political and religious uncertainty found in England
, many English families boarded ships at great expense to sail for the colonies held by Britain. The passages were expensive, though, and the boats were unsafe, overcrowded, and ridden with disease. Those who were hardy and lucky enough to make the passage intact were rewarded with land, opportunity, and social environment less prone to religious and political persecution. Many of these families went on to be important contributors to the young nations of Canada and the United States where they settled. Hackforks were some of the first of the immigrants to arrive in North America: Ephraim Axford who settled in Virginia in 1670; Richard Axford who landed in Maryland in 1660; William Hawksford settled in Maryland in 1775.