Gyrthe History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

Early Origins of the Gyrthe family

The surname Gyrthe was first found in Yorkshire where John, Mariota del Garth was listed there in 1297 and again in the Subsidy Rolls of Cumberland in 1332. The name is derived from the Middle English "garth" and literally means "One in charge of enclosed ground, a garden or paddock." [1]

"In Yorkshire Garth has occasionally become Gath." [2] The Yorkshire Poll Tax Rolls of 1379 listed: Beatrice del Garthe in Howdenshire and Willelmus del Garth.

Gyrth (d. 1066), was Earl of East Anglia, fourth son of Earl Godwine. He "shared his father's banishment in 1052, and took refuge with him in Flanders. He also shared the restoration of his father and brothers in the following year. In 1057 he succeeded Ælfgar in the earldom of East Anglia, having perhaps received 'some smaller government at an earlier time' It seems that when he was appointed over the whole or part of East Anglia the king told him that he would give him something more (Vita Eadwardi, p. 410), and he did at some later time receive the earldom of Oxfordshire also." [3]

Early History of the Gyrthe family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Gyrthe research. Another 146 words (10 lines of text) covering the years 1510, 1600, 1096, 1455, 1487, 1661, 1719, 1661, 1676, 1679, 1684, 1691, 1687 and 1693 are included under the topic Early Gyrthe History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Gyrthe Spelling Variations

It is only in the last few hundred years that the English language has been standardized. For that reason, early Anglo-Saxon surnames like Gyrthe are characterized by many spelling variations. As the English language changed and incorporated elements of other European languages, even literate people changed the spelling of their names. Scribes and monks in the Middle Ages spelled names they sounded, so it is common to find several variations that refer to a single person. The variations of the name Gyrthe include: Garth, Garthe, Girth, Gyrth, Gyrthe, Gart, Gartt and others.

Early Notables of the Gyrthe family (pre 1700)

Distinguished members of the family include Sir Samuel Garth FRS (1661-1719), an English physician and poet. He was the "eldest son of William Garth of Bowland Forest in the West Riding of Yorkshire, was born in 1661, and sent to school at Ingleton, at the foot of...
Another 47 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Gyrthe Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Migration of the Gyrthe family

Many English families tired of political and religious strife left Britain for the new colonies in North America. Although the trip itself offered no relief - conditions on the ships were extremely cramped, and many travelers arrived diseased, starving, and destitute - these immigrants believed the opportunities that awaited them were worth the risks. Once in the colonies, many of the families did indeed prosper and, in turn, made significant contributions to the culture and economies of the growing colonies. An inquiry into the early roots of North American families has revealed a number of immigrants bearing the name Gyrthe or a variant listed above: the name represented in many forms and recorded from the mid 17th century in the great migration from Europe. Migrants settled in the eastern seaboard from Newfoundland, to Maine, to Virginia, the Carolinas, and to the islands..



  1. ^ Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
  2. ^ Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
  3. ^ Smith, George (ed), Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co., 1885-1900. Print


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