Gerlend History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The name Gerlend originated among the descendants of the ancient Pictish clans. It is derived from the Old English personal name Gærland. However, the surname Gerlend may be a local name derived from some place which is now unknown; gær and land are common elements in Old English nomenclature.

Early Origins of the Gerlend family

The surname Gerlend was first found in Perthshire (Gaelic: Siorrachd Pheairt) former county in the present day Council Area of Perth and Kinross, located in central Scotland. However, we must look south to find the first record of the name. Johannes de Garlandia or John of Garland ( fl. c. 1205-1255) was a philologist and university teacher who studied at Oxford. Another Johannes de Garlandia (Johannes Gallicus) (fl. c. 1270-1320) was a French music theorist of the late ars antiqua period of medieval music.

Important Dates for the Gerlend family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Gerlend research. Another 101 words (7 lines of text) covering the years 1202, 1296, 1379, 1425 and are included under the topic Early Gerlend History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Gerlend Spelling Variations

During the Middle Ages, there was no basic set of rules and scribes wrote according to sound. The correct spelling of Scottish names were further compromised after many haphazard translations from Gaelic to English and back. Spelling variations of the name Gerlend include Garland, Garlland, Gerland, Gerlond and others.

Early Notables of the Gerlend family (pre 1700)

More information is included under the topic Early Gerlend Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Migration of the Gerlend family to Ireland

Some of the Gerlend family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 57 words (4 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Migration of the Gerlend family

Scots left their country by the thousands to travel to Australia and North America. Desperate for freedom and an opportunity to fend for themselves, many paid huge fees and suffered under terrible conditions on long voyages. Still, for those who made the trip, freedom and opportunity awaited. In North America, many fought their old English oppressors in the American War of Independence. In recent years, Scottish heritage has been an increasingly important topic, as Clan societies and other organizations have renewed people's interest in their history. An examination of passenger and immigration lists shows many early settlers bearing the name of Gerlend: Daniel and Elizabeth Garland who settled in Barbados in 1654; Hugh Garland settled in Virginia in 1634; Peter Garland settled in Virginia in 1650; Robert Garland settled in Virginia in 1655.

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