Early Origins of the Gargreve family
The surname Gargreve was first found in Yorkshire
where they held a family seat
as Lords of the Manor in the West Riding. After the Battle of Hastings in 1066, William, Duke of Normandy
, having prevailed over King Harold, granted most of Britain to his many victorious Barons. It was not uncommon to find a Baron
, or a Bishop, with 60 or more Lordships scattered throughout the country. These he gave to his sons, nephews and other junior lines of his family and they became known as under-tenants. They adopted the Norman system of surnames which identified the under-tenant with his holdings so as to distinguish him from the senior stem of the family. After many rebellious wars between his Barons, Duke William, commissioned a census of all England
to determine in 1086, settling once and for all, who held which land. He called the census the Domesday Book
Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
indicating that those holders registered would hold the land until the end of time. Hence, conjecturally, the surname is descended from the tenant
of the lands of Gargrave held by Berenger de Tosny and Roger le Poitvin from the King as recorded in the Domesday Book
census of 1086.
Early History of the Gargreve family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Gargreve research.Another 305 words (22 lines of text) covering the years 1210, 1219, 1446, 1605, 1510, 1600, 1468, 1549, 1582, 1585, 1495, 1579, 1565, 1569, 1559, 1540, 1588, 1571, 1569, 1575, 1638, 1597, 1606 and 1609 are included under the topic Early Gargreve History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Gargreve Spelling Variations
Anglo-Norman names are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations
. When the Normans
became the ruling people of England
in the 11th century, they introduced a new language into a society where the main languages of Old and later Middle English had no definite spelling rules. These languages were more often spoken than written, so they blended freely with one another. Contributing to this mixing of tongues was the fact that medieval scribes spelled words according to sound, ensuring that a person's name would appear differently in nearly every document in which it was recorded. The name has been spelled Gargrave, Gargreve, Gargreave, Cargrave, Cargrove and many more.
Early Notables of the Gargreve family (pre 1700)
Outstanding amongst the family at this time was Sir Thomas Gargrave (1495-1579), a Yorkshire
Knight who served as High Sheriff
(1565 and 1569), speaker of Queen Elizabeth's first Parliament and President of the Council of the North (1559), father of Sir Cotton Gargrave; Sir Cotton Gargrave (1540-1588), an English... Another 67 words (5 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Gargreve Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Gargreve family to the New World and Oceana
For many English families, the political and religious disarray that plagued their homeland made the frontiers of the New World an attractive prospect. Thousands migrated, aboard cramped disease-ridden ships. They arrived sick, poor, and hungry, but were welcomed in many cases with far greater opportunity than at home in England
. Many of these hardy settlers went on to make important contributions to the emerging nations in which they landed. Among early immigrants bearing the name Gargreve or a variant listed above were: Many settlers were recorded from the mid 17th century in the great migration from Europe. Migrants settled in the eastern seaboard from Newfoundland, to Maine, to Florida, and to the islands..