of 1066. They lived in
, where the family was found since the early Middle Ages.
as Lords of the manor of Wickwar from very ancient times. Wickwar was shown in the
in 1066. The holder of Wickwar at this time is not known to us but we do know that the Queen gave the village to Humphrey the Chamberlain.
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Pernell research.Another 73 words (5 lines of text) covering the years 1666 and 1653 are included under the topic Early Pernell History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Anglo-Norman names are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations
. When the Normans
became the ruling people of England
in the 11th century, they introduced a new language into a society where the main languages of Old and later Middle English had no definite spelling rules. These languages were more often spoken than written, so they blended freely with one another. Contributing to this mixing of tongues was the fact that medieval scribes spelled words according to sound, ensuring that a person's name would appear differently in nearly every document in which it was recorded. The name has been spelled Purnel, Purnell, Pernel, Pernell and others.
For many English families, the political and religious disarray that plagued their homeland made the frontiers of the New World an attractive prospect. Thousands migrated, aboard cramped disease-ridden ships. They arrived sick, poor, and hungry, but were welcomed in many cases with far greater opportunity than at home in England
. Many of these hardy settlers went on to make important contributions to the emerging nations in which they landed. Among early immigrants bearing the name Pernell or a variant listed above were: John, Marg, and Richard Purnell who settled in Virginia in 1652; Thomas Purnell settled in Virginia in 1635; William Purnell settled in Barbados in 1685.