Léonard History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms 

There are many Irish surnames being used today in forms that are quite different than their original, ancient forms. Léonard originally appeared in Gaelic as O Leannain, which is possibly derived from the word leann, which denotes a cloak. Another possible derivation is from the word leanan, which means paramour.

Early Origins of the Léonard family

The surname Léonard was first found in County Galway (Irish: Gaillimh) part of the province of Connacht, located on the west coast of the Island, where they held a family seat from ancient times.

Important Dates for the Léonard family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Léonard research. Another 49 words (4 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Léonard History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Léonard Spelling Variations

Those scribes in Ireland during the Middle Ages recorded names as they sounded. Consequently, in this era many people were recorded under different spellings each time their name was written down. Research on the Léonard family name revealed numerous spelling variations, including Lennon, Lannin, Lannon, Linnane, O'Lennon, Lennane, Leonard, MacAlinion, O'Lennan and many more.

Early Notables of the Léonard family (pre 1700)

More information is included under the topic Early Léonard Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Léonard migration to the United States

During the 19th century thousands of impoverished Irish families made the long journey to British North America and the United States. These people were leaving a land that had become beset with poverty, lack of opportunity, and hunger. In North America, they hoped to find land, work, and political and religious freedoms. Although the majority of the immigrants that survived the long sea passage did make these discoveries, it was not without much perseverance and hard work: by the mid-19th century land suitable for agriculture was short supply, especially in British North America, in the east; the work available was generally low paying and physically taxing construction or factory work; and the English stereotypes concerning the Irish, although less frequent and vehement, were, nevertheless, present in the land of freedom, liberty, and equality for all men. The largest influx of Irish settlers occurred with Great Potato Famine during the late 1840s. Research into passenger and immigration lists has brought forth evidence of the early members of the Léonard family in North America:

Léonard Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Solomon Leonard, who landed in Massachusetts in 1633 [1]
  • James Leonard, who settled in Virginia in 1635
  • Katherine Leonard, who arrived in Virginia in 1635 [1]
  • Henry Leonard, who settled in Massachusetts in 1640
  • Thomas Leonard, who settled in Barbados in 1660
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Léonard Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Cha Leonard, who landed in Virginia in 1703 [1]
  • Richard Leonard, who arrived in Virginia in 1714 [1]
  • Pierre Leonard, who landed in Louisiana in 1718-1724 [1]
  • Jean Baptiste Léonard, who lived in New Orleans with his two sons in 1727
  • Frédéric Léonard, who was a property owner in New Orleans in 1732
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Léonard Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • James Leonard, who arrived in America in 1801 [1]
  • John Leonard, who arrived in New York in 1802 [1]
  • Jane Leonard, aged 20, who landed in New York, NY in 1803 [1]
  • Robert Leonard, aged 21, who landed in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1804 [1]
  • Rog Leonard, who landed in New York, NY in 1812 [1]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Léonard migration to Canada

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Léonard Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
  • Catherina Leonard, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1757
  • Catherine Leonard, who arrived in Halifax, Nova Scotia in 1778
  • Mrs. Leonard, who landed in Halifax, Nova Scotia in 1778
  • Col. George Leonard Sr., U.E. born in Massachusetts, USA who settled in Parr Town, Saint John, New Brunswick c. 1784, then Sussex [ Sussex Vale], New Brunswick he served in the New Brunswick Militia [2]
  • Sgt. George Leonard U.E. born in New York, USA who settled in Deer Island, West Isles, Fundy Islands, Charlotte County, New Brunswick c. 1784 he served with the British Army no Regiment listed [2]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Léonard Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
  • Michael Leonard, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1820
  • Margaret Condon Leonard, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1826
  • Abraham Leonard, who arrived in Canada in 1831
  • Francis Leonard, who arrived in Canada in 1834
  • Reuben Leonard, who landed in Canada in 1834
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Léonard migration to Australia

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Léonard Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Henry Leonard, English convict from Berkshire, who was transported aboard the "Arab" on July 3, 1822, settling in Van Diemen's Land, Australia [3]
  • Harriett Leonard, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Theresa" in 1847 [4]
  • Lucy Leonard, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Theresa" in 1847 [4]
  • Andrew Leonard, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Trafalgar" in 1847 [5]
  • Walter Leonard, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Caspar" in 1849 [6]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Léonard migration to New Zealand

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Léonard Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • Mr. William Leonard, British settler travelling from London aboard the ship "Egmont" arriving in Auckland, New Zealand on 14th June 1858 [7]
  • M. Leonard, Scottish settler travelling from Glasgow aboard the ship "Storm Cloud" arriving in Bluff, Southland, South Island, New Zealand on 8th December 1862 [8]
  • Robert Leonard, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Sydenham" in 1870
  • Mr. John Leonard, (b. 1856), aged 18, British settler travelling from London aboard the ship "Peter Denny" arriving in Port Chalmers, Dunedin, Otago, South Island, New Zealand on 26th July 1874 [8]
  • Sarah Leonard, who arrived in Lyttelton, New Zealand aboard the ship "Blairgowrie" in 1875
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Contemporary Notables of the name Léonard (post 1700)

  • Louise Wareham Leonard, née Wareham, a New Zealand born American writer of British and Maori descent
  • Gloria Leonard (1940-2014), American pornographic actress, a board member of Adult Video Association and its successor the Free Speech Coalition
  • Edgar Leonard (1881-1948), American gold and bronze Olympic medalist for tennis at the 1904 Summer Games
  • Major-General John William Leonard (1890-1974), American Commanding General 2nd Armored Division (1946) [9]
  • Elmore John Leonard Jr. (1925-2013), American novelist and screenwriter
  • Joshua Granville Leonard (b. 1975), American actor
  • First Lieutenant Turney W Leonard (1921-1944), American Army officer awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor in 1944
  • Herman Leonard (1923-2010), American photographer known for his unique images of jazz icons
  • Sergeant First Class Matthew Leonard (1929-1967), American Army soldier awarded the Medal of Honor for his actions in the Vietnam War
  • Sheldon Leonard (1907-1997), American prolific television writer, actor and producer
  • ... (Another 155 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Historic Events for the Léonard family

Empress of Ireland
  • Mr. Thomas Leonard, British Seaman from United Kingdom who worked aboard the Empress of Ireland and died in the sinking [10]
  • Mr. Mark Leonard, British Seaman from United Kingdom who worked aboard the Empress of Ireland and died in the sinking [10]
HMS Dorsetshire
  • Lew Leonard, British aboard the HMS Dorsetshire when she was struck by air bombers and sunk; he survived the sinking [11]
HMS Prince of Wales
  • Mr. Frederick George Leonard, British Able Seaman, who sailed into battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and survived the sinking [12]
RMS Titanic
  • Mr. Matthew Leonard (d. 1912), aged 26, Irish Steward from Belfast, Ireland who worked aboard the RMS Titanic and died in the sinking [13]
  • Mr. Lionel Leonard (d. 1912), aged 36, American Third Class passenger from New York City, New York who sailed aboard the RMS Titanic and died in the sinking [13]

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Citations

  1. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  2. ^ Rubincam, Milton. The Old United Empire Loyalists List. Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc, 1976. (Originally published as; United Empire Loyalists. The Centennial of the Settlement of Upper Canada. Rose Publishing Company, 1885.) ISBN 0-8063-0331-X
  3. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2016, October 27) Arab voyage to Van Diemen's Land, Australia in 1822 with 155 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/arab/1822
  4. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) THERESA 1847. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1847Theresa.htm
  5. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) TRAFALGAR 1847. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1847Trafalgar.htm
  6. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) The CASPAR 1849. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1849Caspar.htm
  7. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 17th October 2018). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  8. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 26th March 2019). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  9. ^ Generals of World War II. (Retrieved 2012, April 2) John Leonard. Retrieved from http://generals.dk/general/Leonard/John_William/USA.html
  10. ^ Commemoration Empress of Ireland 2014. (Retrieved 2014, June 17) . Retrieved from http://www.empress2014.ca/seclangen/listepsc1.html
  11. ^ Force Z Survivors HMS Dorsetshire Crew List, (Retrieved 2018, February 13th), https://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listdorsetshirecrew.html
  12. ^ HMS Prince of Wales Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listprincecrew.html
  13. ^ Titanic Passenger List - Titanic Facts. (Retrieved 2016, July 13) . Retrieved from http://www.titanicfacts.net/titanic-passenger-list.html
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