The distinguished surname Guis can be traced back to the ancient and beautiful region of Venice
. Although people were originally known only by a single name, it became necessary for people to adopt a second name to identify themselves as populations grew and travel became more frequent. The process of adopting fixed hereditary surnames
was not complete until the modern era, but the use of hereditary family names in Italy began in the 10th and 11th centuries. Italian hereditary surnames were developed according to fairly general principles and they were characterized by a profusion of derivatives coined from given names. The most common type of family name found in the region of Venice
is the patronymic
surname, which is derived from the father's given name. During the Middle Ages, Italians adopted the patronymic system of name-making because it perfectly complemented the prevailing Feudal
System. In Italy the popularity of patronymic type of surname is also due to the fact that during the Christian era, people often named their children after saints and biblical figures. The surname Guis came from the Italian personal name
"Guido." The personal name Guido is derived from the Germanic first name Wido, Wito, in turn derived from Widu, which is an abbreviated pet name of a number of proper names including Witpald, Widbert and Widbald. The Germanic element Widu is actually translated into English as wood.
Early Origins of the Guis family
The surname Guis was first found in Bologna (Latin: Bononia), one of the more prosperous cities at this early time. Records are found in 1097 with Giacomo di Filippo Guidotti, who was the Bishop of Imola.
Early History of the Guis family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Guis research. More information is included under the topic Early Guis History in all our PDF Extended History products
and printed products wherever possible.
Guis Spelling Variations
Italian surnames have a surprising number of forms in comparison with other European surnames because they reflect the regional variations and the many dialects of the Italian language, each of which has its distinctive features. For example, in Northern Italy the most standard Italian surname suffix is "I", whereas in Southern Italy the most typical surname suffix is "O". Sardinian is very different from other forms of Italian and in fact, it is considered to be its own distinct language. Additionally, spelling changes frequently occurred because medieval scribes, church officials, and the bearers of names, spelled names as they sounded rather than according to any specific spelling rules. As a consequence of the major changes in the Italian language and in the local
spellings of Italian surnames that occurred over the course of history, there are numerous variations for the surname Guis. These spelling variations
include Guidi, Guido, Ghio, Guidelli, Guidarelli, Guidetti, Guidini, Guidarini, Guidicini, Guiducci, Guiduzzi, Guidotti, Guidalotti, Guidoni, Guidone, Guidastri, Gui, Ghidelli, Ghidetti, Ghidini, Ghidoli, Ghidotti, Ghidoni, Ghiotti, Ghiotto, Ghilotto, Ghioni, Ghione, Ghini, Ghion, Guidobaldi, Guidobon, Guidobono and many more.
Early Notables of the Guis family (pre 1700)
Prominent among members of the family was Tomaso de Giovanni de Simone Guidi, better known as Masaccio. Born in 1401 in Florence, he became a painter and had a large influence on Michelangelo. Among his famous works is the Branacci chapel in the church of Santa Maria del Carmine in Florence. Luca Ghini was a botanist in Bologna during the 15th century. He was also a professor at the University of Bologna and founded the botanical gardens of Pisa and of Florence. He was famous for his talents in preparing herbals and is documented as the first to... Another 98 words (7 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Guis Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Guis family to the New World and Oceana
The records on immigrants and ships' passengers show a number of people bearing the name Guis: Marco Ghilotto, who arrived in Philadelphia in 1880; Guy Guidry, aged 21, who arrived at Ellis Island
, in 1923; Agostino Guido, aged 16, who arrived at Ellis Island
from Carpeneto, Italy, in 1912.
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