The history of the Eshelmen family name begins after the Norman Conquest
of 1066. They lived in close proximity to an ash tree.
As such, the name has local
references to towns called Ash
, and many other places.
Early Origins of the Eshelmen family
The surname Eshelmen was first found in the county of Devon
in southern England
. The first person to settle in the locality was D'Esse Court, a companion of King William, Duke of Normandy
who landed in England
in 1066 A.D. and was granted lands by his liege lord in the vicinity of Exeter
. Alternatively the family could have originated in Esh or Ash, a chapelry, in the parish and union of Lanchester in Durham
. "The manor gave name, at a very early period, to a family of considerable local
consequence, who held the estate, with little interruption, from the middle of the 13th century till the time of Henry VIII." CITATION[CLOSE]
Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
The Hundredorum Rolls
of 1273 list the following: John de le Es, in Norfolk; Roger de le Es, also in Norfolk; Agnes Ate Nasse in Oxfordshire; and Henry de Asse in Warwickshire
Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
The reference "History of Norfolk" list Joan atte-Eshe in 1345, Roger atte-Ashe, temp.
Edward II and John at-Ash, of Bintre, Norfolk
in 1349. The Yorkshire Poll Tax
Rolls of 1379 had only one listing of the family, Robertus del Asch. Another source notes: "We find the Atten-Ashe of the XIV. cent. contracted into Nashe soon after." CITATION[CLOSE]
Lowe, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.
Early History of the Eshelmen family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Eshelmen research.Another 215 words (15 lines of text) covering the years 1326, 1597, 1658, 1640, 1656, 1609, 1656, 1640, 1652, 1618, 1686, 1670, 1681, 1671, 1735, 1636, 1658, 1718, 1695, 1697, 1717 and are included under the topic Early Eshelmen History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Eshelmen Spelling Variations
Anglo-Norman names are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations
. When the Normans
became the ruling people of England
in the 11th century, they introduced a new language into a society where the main languages of Old and later Middle English had no definite spelling rules. These languages were more often spoken than written, so they blended freely with one another. Contributing to this mixing of tongues was the fact that medieval scribes spelled words according to sound, ensuring that a person's name would appear differently in nearly every document in which it was recorded. The name has been spelled Esse, Ash, Ashe, Aschey and others.
Early Notables of the Eshelmen family (pre 1700)
Outstanding amongst the family at this time was John Ashe (1597-1658), an English clothier and politician for Westbury and later for Somerset
at various times between 1640 and 1656, upon his death he left a landed estate valued at £6000 a year; Edward Ashe (ca.1609-1656), brother of... Another 47 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Eshelmen Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Eshelmen family to Ireland
Some of the Eshelmen family moved to Ireland
, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.Another 251 words (18 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Eshelmen family to the New World and Oceana
For many English families, the political and religious disarray that plagued their homeland made the frontiers of the New World an attractive prospect. Thousands migrated, aboard cramped disease-ridden ships. They arrived sick, poor, and hungry, but were welcomed in many cases with far greater opportunity than at home in England
. Many of these hardy settlers went on to make important contributions to the emerging nations in which they landed. Among early immigrants bearing the name Eshelmen or a variant listed above were: Christopher Ash who settled in Virginia in 1623; with his wife and child; Edward Ash settled in Barbados in 1630; George Ash settled in Virginia in 1641.
The Eshelmen Motto
The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.
Motto: Non nobis sed omnibus
Motto Translation: Not for us but for all.