Errnoold History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms
- Origins Available:
The earliest origins of the name Errnoold date back to the time of the Anglo-Saxons. The name is derived from the personal name Arnoaldi, which is itself derived from the Frankish name "Arnuwalda." The Frankish given name Arnuwald, which is composed of two elements, arnu, which means eagle, and walda, which means powerful, was given to a person who was as powerful as an eagle.
Another source notes: "Arnold. - Introduced by the Normans. Though widely scattered, it is confined south of a line from the Wash to the Mersey. It is at present most frequent in Warwickshire and Leicestershire. In the time of Edward I. it was numerously represented in Cambridgeshire ( Hundred Rolls)." 
However, not all of the family emigrated to England at the time of the Conquest: "Robert Ernaldus, or Ernaut, and William Ernaut occur in Normandy 1180-98 (Magni Rotuli Scaccarii Normanniae)." 
Early Origins of the Errnoold family
The surname Errnoold was first found in various counties and shire throughout ancient Britain. The Hundredorum Rolls of 1273 elude to this: Arnald or Amard Atte-broke in Essex; Walter filius Arnald in Lincolnshire; Stephen Arnold in Kent; John filius Arnoldi in Cambridgeshire; and Ayelina relicta Arnold in Huntingdonshire.  Some of these early listings reflect the Latin from of the names which was so prevalent at the time.
Further to the north in Scotland, the name was probably derived from "Aeenald (Ernald, Ernold) or Arnold, second abbot of Kelso, who was elected bishop of St. Andrews, 1160. William le fiz Arnaud (the French form of the name), was king's tenant in counte de Linlescu and Henry le fiz Arnaud del counte de Selkirk rendered homage 1296."  The latter reference "rendered homage" was noting the this person had paid homage to King Edward I of England upon his invasion of Scotland.
Important Dates for the Errnoold family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Errnoold research. Another 91 words (6 lines of text) covering the years 1212, 1273, 1296, 1587, 1676, 1635, 1615, 1678, 1635, 1702 and are included under the topic Early Errnoold History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Errnoold Spelling Variations
Until quite recently, the English language has lacked a definite system of spelling rules. Consequently, Anglo-Saxon surnames are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations. Changes in Anglo-Saxon names were influenced by the evolution of the English language, as it incorporated elements of French, Latin, and other languages. Although Medieval scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded, so it is common to find one person referred to by several different spellings of his surname, even the most literate people varied the spelling of their own names. Variations of the name Errnoold include Arnold, Ernold, FitzArnold, Arrnold, Errnold, Aernold and many more.
Early Notables of the Errnoold family (pre 1700)
Notables of this surname at this time include: William Arnold (1587-ca.1676), English settler to America in 1635, one of the founding settlers of the Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, and with his sons was among the wealthiest people in the colony; Benedict Arnold (1615-1678), English-born settler...
Another 48 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Errnoold Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Errnoold family to Ireland
Some of the Errnoold family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 57 words (4 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Errnoold family
Searching for a better life, many English families migrated to British colonies. Unfortunately, the majority of them traveled under extremely harsh conditions: overcrowding on the ships caused the majority of the immigrants to arrive diseased, famished, and destitute from the long journey across the ocean. For those families that arrived safely, modest prosperity was attainable, and many went on to make invaluable contributions to the development of the cultures of the new colonies. Research into the origins of individual families in North America revealed records of the immigration of a number of people bearing the name Errnoold or a variant listed above: William and Thomas Arnold of Nottingham, England, who settled in Higham Mass, and Watertown New York in May 1635. William later moved to Providence, R.I. He was allegedly the richest man in the colony, and he was the ancestor of Benedict Arnold. In Newfoundland, Joseph from Sherborne, Dorset, was an apprentice of Henry Brooks in Bay Bulls in 1752.
You May Also Like
- ^ Guppy, Henry Brougham, Homes of Family Names in Great Britain. 1890. Print.
- ^ The Norman People and Their Existing Descendants in the British Dominions and the United States Of America. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1975. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0636-X)
- ^ Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
- ^ Black, George F., The Surnames of Scotland Their Origin, Meaning and History. New York: New York Public Library, 1946. Print. (ISBN 0-87104-172-3)