Endrough History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms
- Origins Available:
The history of the ancestors of the Endrough family begins among the Pictish clans ancient Scotland. The name Endrough comes from the baptismal name Andrew which in Greek means manly. The name was popular as both a personal name and a surname, likely because it was the name of Scotland's patron saint. In Gaelic the name is Aindrea and Anndra which again means manly.
Early Origins of the Endrough family
The surname Endrough was first found in Caithness (Gaelic: Gallaibh), the northern tip of Scotland, a Norse/Viking controlled region from the 9th century, which became the Earldom of Caithness.
This family was strongly associated with the Clan Ross. It was originally known as the Clan Siol Andrea, meaning the race of Andrew. However, from about the year 1100 the Andrews moved south to the Dumfriesshire area of southwest Scotland. Duncan Andrew, Chief of the Clan, rendered homage to King Edward I of England in 1296. 
Some of the family were found further south in England, specifically at Shotley in Northumberland where "Shotley Hall is said to have been built by Dr. Andrews, physician to the first royal Duke of Cumberland." 
Sir Edmund Andros (1637-1714) was born in London and rose to become an English colonial administrator in North America. The 1689 Boston revolt was directly attributed to his actions in New England.
Important Dates for the Endrough family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Endrough research. Another 86 words (6 lines of text) covering the years 1395, 1463, 1600, 1958, 1600, 1661, 1660, 1661, 1659, 1649, 1650, 1510, 1537, 1604, 1604, 1637, 1714, 1660, 1666, 1672, 1674 and are included under the topic Early Endrough History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Endrough Spelling Variations
Prior to the invention of the printing press in the last hundred years, documents were basically unique. Names were written according to sound, and often appeared differently each time they were recorded. Spelling variations of the name Endrough include Andrew, Andrews, MacAndrew, Androw, Androe, Andro and many more.
Early Notables of the Endrough family (pre 1700)
Notable amongst the Clan at this time was Alexander Andrew, Sergeant of Aberdeen; Phineas Andrews (ca. 1600-1661), an English politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1660 to 1661; and Sir Thomas Andrewes (died 1659), English financier, supporter of the parliamentary cause during the English Civil War, Commissioner at the High Court of Justice for the trial of Charles I, Lord Mayor of London (1649-1650.)
Laurence Andrewe ( fl. 1510-1537), was a French translator and printer, a native of Calais and Thomas Andrewe (fl. 1604)...
Another 85 words (6 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Endrough Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Endrough family to Ireland
Some of the Endrough family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 77 words (6 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Endrough family
The freedom of the North American colonies was enticing, and many Scots left to make the great crossing. It was a long and hard journey, but its reward was a place where there was more land than people and tolerance was far easier to come by. Many of these people came together to fight for a new nation in the American War of Independence, while others remained loyal to the old order as United Empire Loyalists. The ancestors of Scots in North America have recovered much of this heritage in the 20th century through Clan societies and other such organizations. A search of immigration and passenger lists revealed many important and early immigrants to North America bearing the name of Endrough: Ralph Andrew, son of Thomas Andrew of Carlisle, who landed in America in 1664; John Andrew, son of Sir John Andrew of Charlton, landed in 1650; William Andrew settled in Cambridge, Massachusetts, a ships captain who settled in 1634.
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- ^ Black, George F., The Surnames of Scotland Their Origin, Meaning and History. New York: New York Public Library, 1946. Print. (ISBN 0-87104-172-3)
- ^ Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.