Early Origins of the Ellesfield family
The surname Ellesfield was first found in Oxfordshire
where they held a family seat
as Lords of the Manor. After the Battle of Hastings in 1066, William, Duke of Normandy
, having prevailed over King Harold, granted most of Britain to his many victorious Barons. It was not uncommon to find a Baron
, or a Bishop, with 60 or more Lordships scattered throughout the country. These he gave to his sons, nephews and other junior lines of his family and they became known as under-tenants. They adopted the Norman system of surnames which identified the under-tenant with his holdings so as to distinguish him from the senior stem of the family. After many rebellious wars between his Barons, Duke William, commissioned a census of all England
to determine in 1086, settling once and for all, who held which land. He called the census the Domesday Book
Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
indicating that those holders registered would hold the land until the end of time. Hence, conjecturally, the surname is descended from the tenant
of the lands of Elsfield, held by Thurstan from Robert d'Oilly, Oxford's great Norman Baron
who was recorded in the Domesday Book
census of 1086. Thurstan may have been Robert's vassal.
Early History of the Ellesfield family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Ellesfield research.Another 129 words (9 lines of text) covering the years 163 and 1634 are included under the topic Early Ellesfield History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Ellesfield Spelling Variations
Norman surnames are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations
. The frequent changes in surnames are largely due to the fact that the Old and Middle English languages lacked definite spelling rules. The introduction of Norman French to England
, as well as the official court languages of Latin and French, also had pronounced influences on the spelling of surnames. Since medieval scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded, rather than adhering to any specific spelling rules, it was common to find the same individual referred to with different spellings. The name has been spelled Elsfield, Ellisfield, Ellesfield, Ellsfield, Elesfield, Helsfield, Ellesfield, Elesfield, Hellsfield, Hellesfield, Helesfield, Helisfield and many more.
Early Notables of the Ellesfield family (pre 1700)
More information is included under the topic Early Ellesfield Notables in all our PDF Extended History products
and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Ellesfield family to the New World and Oceana
Many English families emigrated to North American colonies in order to escape the political chaos in Britain at this time. Unfortunately, many English families made the trip to the New World under extremely harsh conditions. Overcrowding on the ships caused the majority of the immigrants to arrive diseased, famished, and destitute from the long journey across the stormy Atlantic. Despite these hardships, many of the families prospered and went on to make invaluable contributions to the development of the cultures of the United States and Canada. Early North American immigration records have revealed a number of people bearing the name Ellesfield or a variant listed above: settlers were recorded from the mid 17th century in the great migration from Europe. Migrants settled on the eastern seaboard from Newfoundland, to Boston, to Virginia, to Florida, and to the islands..