The name Durnal is Anglo-Saxon
in origin. It was a name given to a grower of darnel, a plant believed to induce intoxication. The name's origins are Old French; darnel is the French name for this plant. It was brought into England
by the Normans
after the Norman Conquest
of 1066. Occupational
names frequently were derived from the principal object associated with the activity of the original bearer, such as tools or products. These types of occupational
surnames are called metonymic
surnames. Occasionally the name was local; there is a Darnall in Yorkshire
, and a small group of people took their name from that location. This makes Durnal an example of an English polygenetic
surname, which is a surname that was developed in a number of different locations and adopted by various families independently.
Early Origins of the Durnal family
The surname Durnal was first found in Lincolnshire
where they held a family seat
from very ancient times, some say well before the Norman Conquest
and the arrival of Duke William at Hastings in 1066 A.D.
Early History of the Durnal family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Durnal research.Another 243 words (17 lines of text) covering the years 1095, 1177, 1193, 1379, 1638, 1604, 1645, 1711, 1605, 1675, 1683 and 1689 are included under the topic Early Durnal History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Durnal Spelling Variations
Until the dictionary, an invention of only the last few hundred
years, the English language lacked any comprehensive system of spelling rules. Consequently, spelling variations
in names are frequently found in early Anglo-Saxon
and later Anglo-Norman documents. One person's name was often spelled several different ways over a lifetime. The recorded variations of Durnal include Darnell, Darnall, Darnoll, Darnel, Darnal, Darnol, Darnhill, Dartnall, Dartnell and many more.
Early Notables of the Durnal family (pre 1700)
Notables of the family at this time include Sir Thomas Darnell, 1st Baronet
(died c. 1638), an English landowner, at the centre of a celebrated state legal case in the reign of Charles I of England
, often known as the "Five Knights' Case" but to... Another 44 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Durnal Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Durnal family to the New World and Oceana
Thousands of English families boarded ships sailing to the New World in the hope of escaping the unrest found in England
at this time. Although the search for opportunity and freedom from persecution abroad took the lives of many because of the cramped conditions and unsanitary nature of the vessels, the opportunity perceived in the growing colonies of North America beckoned. Many of the settlers who survived the journey went on to make important contributions to the transplanted cultures of their adopted countries. The Durnal were among these contributors, for they have been located in early North American records: Thomas Darnel, who arrived in Maryland in 1684; Richard Durnel, a bonded passenger who arrived in Barbados in1669; Mr. & Mrs. H. Darnell who arrived in San Francisco California with 2 children in 1856.
The Durnal Motto
The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.
Motto: Deus nobiscum
Motto Translation: God be with us.