The deQuincy surname is one of the many Norman names that came to Britain following 1066. The deQuincy surname is generally thought to have come from Cuinchy in the Arrondissement of Béthune, Pays de Calais region of northern France; however there were several places in France such as Quincy-sous-Sénard in Seine-et-Oise or Quincy-Voisins in Seine-et-Marne. Another reference states clearly that the name is "a baronial family from Quincé, Maine." CITATION[CLOSE]
The Norman People and Their Existing Descendants in the British Dominions and the United States Of America. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1975. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0636-X)
These place names all derive from the Gallo-Roman personal name
Quintus, meaning "fifth-born."
Early Origins of the deQuincy family
The surname deQuincy was first found in Northamptonshire, where the first of several to bear the name Saer de Quincy (Saer I) was Lord of the Manor of Long Buckby. Saer I was the second husband of Matilda of St Liz, stepdaughter of King David I of Scotland
, and thus the family had holdings in Scotland
from very early times.
This line produced Saer de Quincy (1170-1219), 1st Earl of Winchester. He was one of the leaders of the baronial rebellion against King John of England. He fought against King John after the Magna Carta was signed in 1215. While on the Fifth Crusade in 1219, he fell sick and died and was buried in Acre, the capital of the Kingdom of Jerusalem.
He had a grant from the crown of the Manor of Bushley in Northamptonshire, previously the property of Anselme de Conchis. He had two sons, one was a Soldier of the Cross and the other named Saier was created Earl of Winchester by King John. CITATION[CLOSE]
Burke, John Bernard, The Roll of Battle Abbey. London: Edward Churton, 26, Holles Street, 1848, Print. "The name is in Holinshed's list of the followers of William the Conqueror." CITATION[CLOSE]
Lowe, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.
Early History of the deQuincy family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our deQuincy research.Another 226 words (16 lines of text) covering the years 1160, 1155, 1219, 1195, 1265, 1155, 1219, 1219 and 1722 are included under the topic Early deQuincy History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
deQuincy Spelling Variations
A multitude of spelling variations
characterize Norman surnames. Many variations occurred because Old and Middle English lacked any definite spelling rules. The introduction of Norman French to England
also had a pronounced effect, as did the court languages of Latin and French. Therefore, one person was often referred to by several different spellings in a single lifetime. The various spellings include Quincy, Quincey, de Quincey, Quince and others.
Early Notables of the deQuincy family (pre 1700)
Outstanding amongst the family at this time was Saer de Quincy (1155-1219), 1st Earl of Winchester, a prominent figure in both Scotland
, who was one of the leaders of the baronial rebellion against King John of England
that followed the Magna Carta. He died in 1219... Another 48 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early deQuincy Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the deQuincy family to Ireland
Some of the deQuincy family moved to Ireland
, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.Another 74 words (5 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the deQuincy family to the New World and Oceana
Many English families left England
, to avoid the chaos of their homeland and migrated to the many British colonies abroad. Although the conditions on the ships were extremely cramped, and some travelers arrived diseased, starving, and destitute, once in the colonies, many of the families prospered and made valuable contributions to the cultures of what would become the United States and Canada. Research into the origins of individual families in North America has revealed records of the immigration of a number of people bearing the name deQuincy or a variant listed above: Parker Quince who settled in Boston in 1763; Edmund Quincy, originally of Wigsthorp in Northumberland
(of the Scottish Quinceys), settled in Boston in 1633.
Contemporary Notables of the name deQuincy (post 1700)
- Thomas De Quincy (1785-1859), English essayist, best known for his work Confessions of an English Opium-Eater (1821)
- Antoine-Chrysostome Quatremère de Quincy (1755-1849), French archaeologist and architectural theorist, a Freemason