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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright 2000 - 2016


The proud Norman name of Cushing was developed in England soon after Norman Conquest of England in 1066. It was name for a person who was related to someone of note in the area. Further research showed the name was derived from the Old French, cusin, and the Old English, cousin, which means relative.

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The surname Cushing was first found in Norfolk and in the southern counties of England, where the first on record appears to be Roger Cusin, listed in the Pipe Rolls in that county in 1166. Robert Cusyn and his wife Joan were landowners in Ellisfield, Hampshire during the Reign of Henry III (1216-1272). Peter Cusin was a sheriff of London in 1273. A Galfridus Cusyn of Hardingham, Norfolk is mentioned in the Subsidy Rolls for that county in 1327.

Before the last few hundred years the English language had no fixed system of spelling rules. For that reason, spelling variations occurred commonly in Anglo Norman surnames. Over the years, many variations of the name Cushing were recorded, including Cousin, Cousins, Cozens, Cossins, Couzins, Cossens, Cosin, Cosyns, Cousens, Couzens, Cossins, Cosin and many more.


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This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Cushing research. Another 101 words (7 lines of text) covering the years 1066, 1558, 1558, 1594, 1672, 1697 and 1743 are included under the topic Early Cushing History in all our PDF Extended History products.

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Another 71 words (5 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Cushing Notables in all our PDF Extended History products.

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Some of the Cushing family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. Another 125 words (9 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products.

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The unstable environment in England at this time caused numerous families to board ships and leave in search of opportunity and freedom from persecution abroad in places like Ireland, Australia, and particularly the New World. The voyage was extremely difficult, however, and only taken at great expense. The cramped conditions and unsanitary nature of the vessels caused many to arrive diseased and starving, not to mention destitute from the enormous cost. Still opportunity in the emerging nations of Canada and the United States was far greater than at home and many went on to make important contributions to the cultures of their adopted countries. An examination of many early immigration records reveals that people bearing the name Cushing arrived in North America very early:

Cushing Settlers in United States in the 17th Century


  • Theophilus Cushing, who landed in Hingham, Massachusetts in 1633
  • Mathew Cushing, who arrived in Hingham, Massachusetts in 1638
  • Matthew Cushing, who arrived in Hingham, Massachusetts in 1638
  • Daniel Cushing, who landed in Hingham, Massachusetts in 1638
  • John Cushing, who arrived in Hingham, Massachusetts in 1638


Cushing Settlers in United States in the 18th Century


  • Elijah Cushing, who landed in Mississippi in 1798

Cushing Settlers in United States in the 19th Century


  • Thomas Cushing, aged 29, arrived in New York in 1812
  • Chas Cushing, who arrived in New Orleans, La in 1813
  • Patrick Cushing, who arrived in Allegany (Allegheny) C,ounty, Pennsylvania in 1849
  • C Cushing, who landed in San Francisco, California in 1850
  • E Cushing, who arrived in San Francisco, California in 1850


Cushing Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century


  • Job Cushing, who arrived in Anapolis (Annapolis), Nova Scotia in 1760
  • Jobe Cushing, who landed in Anapolis (Annapolis), Nova Scotia in 1760

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  • Frank Hamilton Cushing (1857-1900), American anthropologist and ethnologist
  • Thomas Cushing III (1725-1788), American lawyer, merchant, and statesman, 1st Lieutenant Governor of Massachusetts (1780-1788)
  • William Orcutt Cushing (1823-1902), American Unitarian minister and hymn writer
  • Commander William Barker Cushing (1842-1874), American officer in the United States Navy, best known for sinking the Confederate ironclad CSS Albemarle on 27 October 1864, for which he received the Thanks of Congress
  • Stephen Booth Cushing (1812-1868), American lawyer and politician, New York State Attorney General (1856-1857)
  • Richard James Cushing (1895-1970), American prelate of the Roman Catholic Church, Archbishop of Boston from 1944 to 1970
  • Grafton Dulany Cushing (1864-1939), American politician, the 45th Lieutenant Governor for the Commonwealth of Massachusetts from 1915 to 1916
  • First Lieutenant Alonzo Hersford Cushing (1841-1863), American artillery officer in the Union Army during the American Civil War, to be posthumously awarded the Medal of Honor in 2014
  • Caleb Cushing (1800-1879), American lawyer, politician and diplomat, member of the U.S. House of Representatives (1835-1843), U.S. Attorney General (1853-1857)
  • Harvey Williams Cushing (1869-1939), American pioneering neurosurgeon, the first person to describe Cushing's syndrome, often called the "father of modern neurosurgery"

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  • The Genealogy of the Cushing Family, an Account of the Ancestors and Descendants of the Matthew Cushing, Who Came to America in 1638 by James Stevenson Cushing.
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  1. Ingram, Rev. James. Translator Anglo-Saxon Chronicle 1823. Print.
  2. Colletta, John P. They Came In Ships. Salt Lake City: Ancestry, 1993. Print.
  3. MacAulay, Thomas Babington. History of England from the Accession of James the Second 4 volumes. New York: Harper and Brothers, 1879. Print.
  4. Passenger Lists of Vessels Arriving at Galveston Texas 1896-1951. National Archives Washington DC. Print.
  5. Reaney P.H and R.M. Wilson. A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X).
  6. Bardsley, C.W. A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6).
  7. Hanks, Hodges, Mills and Room. The Oxford Names Companion. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002. Print. (ISBN 0-19-860561-7).
  8. Marcharn, Frederick George. A Constitutional History of Modern England 1485 to the Present. London: Harper and Brothers, 1960. Print.
  9. Le Patourel, John. The Norman Empire. New York: Oxford University Press, 1976. Print. (ISBN 0-19-822525-3).
  10. Zieber, Eugene. Heraldry in America. Philadelphia: Genealogical Publishing Co. Print.
  11. ...

The Cushing Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Cushing Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 8 June 2015 at 09:48.

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