Cumbarlands History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The ancestors of the bearers of the Cumbarlands family name are thought have lived in ancient Anglo-Saxon England. They were first found in the county of Cumberland. As a general rule, the greater the distance between individuals and their homeland, the larger the territory they were named after. For example, people who only moved to another parish would be known by the name of their original village, while people who migrated to a different country were often known by the name of a region or country from which they came.

Early Origins of the Cumbarlands family

The surname Cumbarlands was first found in Cumberland, a historic county of North West England that existed from the 12th century until 1974. The earliest record of the place was when it was listed as Cumbraland in 945 in the Anglo Saxon Chronicle and literally meant "region of the Cymry or Cumbrian Britons" from the Old English words Cumbre + land. [1]

The first record of the family was found here in Cumberland where William de Cumberland was listed in the Pipe Rolls of 1191. Some of the family branched to Yorkshire, where William de Cumberlande was registered in the Subsidy Rolls of 1301. [2]

Early History of the Cumbarlands family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Cumbarlands research. Another 42 words (3 lines of text) covering the years 1524, 1670, 1703, 1631, 1718, 1631, 1648, 1732, 1811, 1732, 1705, 1706, 1792 and 1870 are included under the topic Early Cumbarlands History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Cumbarlands Spelling Variations

Until quite recently, the English language has lacked a definite system of spelling rules. Consequently, Anglo-Saxon surnames are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations. Changes in Anglo-Saxon names were influenced by the evolution of the English language, as it incorporated elements of French, Latin, and other languages. Although Medieval scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded, so it is common to find one person referred to by several different spellings of his surname, even the most literate people varied the spelling of their own names. Variations of the name Cumbarlands include Cumberland, Cumbeland, Cumberlande, Comerland and many more.

Early Notables of the Cumbarlands family (pre 1700)

Notables of the family at this time include Richard Cumberland (1631-1718), an English philosopher and Bishop of Peterborough, born on 15 July 1631, in the parish of St. Bride's, London. "His father was a citizen of Fleet Street. He was educated at St. Paul's School, and in 1648 admitted to Magdalene College, Cambridge. His great-grandson Richard Cumberland (1732-1811), was a dramatist, born on 19 Feb. 1732, in the Master's Lodge at Trinity College...
Another 73 words (5 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Cumbarlands Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Migration of the Cumbarlands family

Searching for a better life, many English families migrated to British colonies. Unfortunately, the majority of them traveled under extremely harsh conditions: overcrowding on the ships caused the majority of the immigrants to arrive diseased, famished, and destitute from the long journey across the ocean. For those families that arrived safely, modest prosperity was attainable, and many went on to make invaluable contributions to the development of the cultures of the new colonies. Research into the origins of individual families in North America revealed records of the immigration of a number of people bearing the name Cumbarlands or a variant listed above: William Cumberland who arrived in Philadelphia in 1873.



  1. ^ Mills, A.D., Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-19-869156-4)
  2. ^ Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)


Houseofnames.com on Facebook