The ancestors of the bearers of the Croxghan family name are thought have lived in ancient Anglo-Saxon England
. They were first found in an area that was close to a wooden or stone cross, or a crossroads. The surname was originally derived from the word kross
Early Origins of the Croxghan family
The surname Croxghan was first found in Somerset
where some of the earliest records of the name include: Nicholas Crousman, Philip Crosman and Thomas Crosman are all listed there in the reign of Edward III. CITATION[CLOSE]
Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
Philip Crosman was listed in the Subsidy Rolls
in 1327. CITATION[CLOSE]
Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
Early History of the Croxghan family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Croxghan research.Another 137 words (10 lines of text) covering the years 1623, 1683 and 1683 are included under the topic Early Croxghan History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Croxghan Spelling Variations
Until quite recently, the English language has lacked a definite system of spelling rules. Consequently, Anglo-Saxon
surnames are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations
. Changes in Anglo-Saxon
names were influenced by the evolution of the English language, as it incorporated elements of French, Latin, and other languages. Although Medieval scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded, so it is common to find one person referred to by several different spellings of his surname, even the most literate people varied the spelling of their own names. Variations of the name Croxghan include Crossman, Crosseman, Crosman, Croseman, Croixman, Croisman, Croxman, Croceman, Crossmen, Crossemen, Crosmen, Crossmann, Crosmann, Crouceman, Croiceman and many more.
Early Notables of the Croxghan family (pre 1700)
Another 34 words (2 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Croxghan Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Croxghan family to the New World and Oceana
Searching for a better life, many English families migrated to British colonies. Unfortunately, the majority of them traveled under extremely harsh conditions: overcrowding on the ships caused the majority of the immigrants to arrive diseased, famished, and destitute from the long journey across the ocean. For those families that arrived safely, modest prosperity was attainable, and many went on to make invaluable contributions to the development of the cultures of the new colonies. Research into the origins of individual families in North America revealed records of the immigration of a number of people bearing the name Croxghan or a variant listed above: William Crossman who settled in Virginia in 1637. John Crossman settled in Sutton and was one of the original purchasers of land from the Indians in the year 1639. John was originally from Taunton, Somerset
. He had one known son, Robert.