Of all the Anglo-Saxon
names to come from Britain, Cromvile is one of the most ancient. The name is a result of the original family having lived in the parish of Cromwell
in the county of Nottinghamshire
, a diocese of Lincolnshire.
Early Origins of the Cromvile family
The surname Cromvile was first found in Lincolnshire
at Tattershall where they claim descent from the time of King John as Lords Cromwell
of Tateshall (Tattershall) Castle. CITATION[CLOSE]
Lowe, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.
Some of the earliest records of the name include: Ralph de Cromwella, de Crumwella who was listed in the Pipe Rolls of 1177 and 1199 of Nottinghamshire. CITATION[CLOSE]
Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X) John de Cromwell (d. c. 1335) was the 1st Baron Cromwell.
"The manor-house [of South Wingfield, Derbyshire], now an interesting ruin, was a splendid edifice, erected by Ralph, Lord Cromwell, in the reign of Henry VI., and afterwards, for several generations, one of the principal seats of the earls of Shrewsbury. Mary, Queen of Scots, while in the custody of George, the sixth earl, passed some months here in 1569, and was also here in Nov. and Dec. 1584." CITATION[CLOSE]
Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
Oliver Cromwell (1599-1658), one of most controversial figures in the history of the British Isles was born in Huntingdon. By 1653, he was the 1st Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England, Scotland, and Ireland, a position that held held until his death of natural causes. He was buried in Westminster Abbey, but when the Royalists returned to power in 1660, they had his corpse dug up, hung in chains, and beheaded.
Early History of the Cromvile family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Cromvile research.Another 267 words (19 lines of text) covering the years 1066, 1485, 1540, 1534, 1539, 1540, 1655, 1589, 1625, 1599, 1658, 1644, 1658, 1598, 1665, 1624, 1668, 1653, 1682, 1625, 1687, 1628, 1674, 1653, 1660, 1626, 1712, 1658, 1659, 1637 and 1713 are included under the topic Early Cromvile History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Cromvile Spelling Variations
The first dictionaries that appeared in the last few hundred
years did much to standardize the English language. Before that time, spelling variations
in names were a common occurrence. The language was changing, incorporating pieces of other languages, and the spelling of names changed with it. Cromvile has been spelled many different ways, including Cromwell, Cromwelle, Cromville, Cromewell, Cromwill, Cromwille, Cromevill, Cromnvell and many more.
Early Notables of the Cromvile family (pre 1700)
Distinguished members of the family include Sir Oliver Cromwell
(died 1655), an English landowner, lawyer and politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1589 and 1625, uncle of Oliver Cromwell; Oliver Cromwell
(1599-1658); an English military and political leader and later Lord Protector of the Commonwealth... Another 155 words (11 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Cromvile Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Cromvile family to the New World and Oceana
Thousands of English families in this era began to emigrate the New World in search of land and freedom from religious and political persecution. Although the passage was expensive and the ships were dark, crowded, and unsafe, those who made the voyage safely were rewarded with opportunities unavailable to them in their homeland. Research into passenger and immigration lists has revealed some of the very first Cromviles to arrive in North America: Giles Cromwell
who settled in Newbury in 1648; John Cromwell
settled in Boston in 1652; Samuel Cromwell
settled in North America in 1634;, Phillip Cromwell
settled there in 1657..