The ancestors of the name Cromvell date back to the days of the Anglo-Saxon
tribes of Britain. The name is derived from their residence in the parish of Cromwell
in the county of Nottinghamshire
, a diocese of Lincolnshire.
Early Origins of the Cromvell family
The surname Cromvell was first found in Lincolnshire
at Tattershall where they claim descent from the time of King John as Lords Cromwell
of Tateshall (Tattershall) Castle. CITATION[CLOSE]
Lowe, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.
Some of the earliest records of the name include: Ralph de Cromwella, de Crumwella who was listed in the Pipe Rolls of 1177 and 1199 of Nottinghamshire. CITATION[CLOSE]
Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X) John de Cromwell (d. c. 1335) was the 1st Baron Cromwell.
"The manor-house [of South Wingfield, Derbyshire], now an interesting ruin, was a splendid edifice, erected by Ralph, Lord Cromwell, in the reign of Henry VI., and afterwards, for several generations, one of the principal seats of the earls of Shrewsbury. Mary, Queen of Scots, while in the custody of George, the sixth earl, passed some months here in 1569, and was also here in Nov. and Dec. 1584." CITATION[CLOSE]
Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
Oliver Cromwell (1599-1658), one of most controversial figures in the history of the British Isles was born in Huntingdon. By 1653, he was the 1st Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England, Scotland, and Ireland, a position that held held until his death of natural causes. He was buried in Westminster Abbey, but when the Royalists returned to power in 1660, they had his corpse dug up, hung in chains, and beheaded.
Early History of the Cromvell family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Cromvell research.Another 334 words (24 lines of text) covering the years 1066, 1485, 1540, 1534, 1539, 1540, 1655, 1589, 1625, 1599, 1658, 1644, 1658, 1598, 1665, 1624, 1668, 1653, 1682, 1625, 1687, 1628, 1674, 1653, 1660, 1626, 1712, 1658, 1659, 1637 and 1713 are included under the topic Early Cromvell History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Cromvell Spelling Variations
Cromvell has been spelled many different ways. Before English spelling became standardized over the last few hundred
years, spelling variations
in names were a common occurrence. As the English language changed in the Middle Ages, absorbing pieces of Latin and French, as well as other languages, the spelling of people's names also changed considerably, even over a single lifetime. Many variations of the name Cromvell have been found, including Cromwell, Cromwelle, Cromville, Cromewell, Cromwill, Cromwille, Cromevill, Cromnvell and many more.
Early Notables of the Cromvell family (pre 1700)
Distinguished members of the family include Sir Oliver Cromwell
(died 1655), an English landowner, lawyer and politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1589 and 1625, uncle of Oliver Cromwell; Oliver Cromwell
(1599-1658); an English military and political leader and later Lord Protector of the Commonwealth... Another 155 words (11 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Cromvell Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Cromvell family to Ireland
Some of the Cromvell family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.Another 78 words (6 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Cromvell family to the New World and Oceana
In an attempt to escape the chaos experienced in England
, many English families boarded overcrowded and diseased ships sailing for the shores of North America and other British colonies. Those families hardy enough, and lucky enough, to make the passage intact were rewarded with land and a social environment less prone to religious and political persecution. Many of these families became important contributors to the young colonies in which they settled. Early immigration and passenger lists have documented some of the first Cromvells to arrive on North American shores: Giles Cromwell
who settled in Newbury in 1648; John Cromwell
settled in Boston in 1652; Samuel Cromwell
settled in North America in 1634;, Phillip Cromwell
settled there in 1657..