The ancient history of the Crittendind name begins with the ancient Anglo-Saxon
tribes of Britain. The name is derived from when the family resided in the village of Crotynden (Crittenden or Cruttenden) in West Kent
. This lost village is thought to have derived its name from the Old English personal name
Gu(dh)here + Old English "-ing" and "denn," literally meaning "person living near a woodland pasture." (Oxford)
Another source claims the name was derived from "the cot on the lower hill; from cru, a cot; tane, lower, and dun or din, a hill; or it may be the chalk hill, from krit, Saxon, chalk." CITATION[CLOSE]
Arthur, William , An Etymological Dictionary of Family and Christian Names. London: 1857. Print
Early Origins of the Crittendind family
The surname Crittendind was first found in West Kent
at Crittenden. While this is the generally accepted origin of the name one source claims the family originally "came from Criddon, formerly Critendone (Cridela's hill), in Shropshire." CITATION[CLOSE]
Smith, Eldson Coles, New Dictionary of American Family Names New York, Harper & Row, 1956. Print
Early History of the Crittendind family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Crittendind research.Another 77 words (6 lines of text) covering the years 148 and 1481 are included under the topic Early Crittendind History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Crittendind Spelling Variations
Until quite recently, the English language has lacked a definite system of spelling rules. Consequently, Anglo-Saxon
surnames are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations
. Changes in Anglo-Saxon
names were influenced by the evolution of the English language, as it incorporated elements of French, Latin, and other languages. Although Medieval scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded, so it is common to find one person referred to by several different spellings of his surname, even the most literate people varied the spelling of their own names. Variations of the name Crittendind include Crittenden, Cruttenden, Critenden, Crutenden and many more.
Early Notables of the Crittendind family (pre 1700)
More information is included under the topic Early Crittendind Notables in all our PDF Extended History products
and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Crittendind family to the New World and Oceana
Searching for a better life, many English families migrated to British colonies. Unfortunately, the majority of them traveled under extremely harsh conditions: overcrowding on the ships caused the majority of the immigrants to arrive diseased, famished, and destitute from the long journey across the ocean. For those families that arrived safely, modest prosperity was attainable, and many went on to make invaluable contributions to the development of the cultures of the new colonies. Research into the origins of individual families in North America revealed records of the immigration of a number of people bearing the name Crittendind or a variant listed above: George Crittenden who arrived in San Francisco in 1852 with his wife, six children, and two servants; Albert Crittenden, who arrived in Philadelphia in 1876.