Critendend is a name of ancient Anglo-Saxon
origin and comes from the family once having lived in the village of Crotynden (Crittenden or Cruttenden) in West Kent
. This lost village is thought to have derived its name from the Old English personal name
Gu(dh)here + Old English "-ing" and "denn," literally meaning "person living near a woodland pasture." (Oxford)
Another source claims the name was derived from "the cot on the lower hill; from cru, a cot; tane, lower, and dun or din, a hill; or it may be the chalk hill, from krit, Saxon, chalk." CITATION[CLOSE]
Arthur, William , An Etymological Dictionary of Family and Christian Names. London: 1857. Print
Early Origins of the Critendend family
The surname Critendend was first found in West Kent
at Crittenden. While this is the generally accepted origin of the name one source claims the family originally "came from Criddon, formerly Critendone (Cridela's hill), in Shropshire." CITATION[CLOSE]
Smith, Eldson Coles, New Dictionary of American Family Names New York, Harper & Row, 1956. Print
Early History of the Critendend family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Critendend research.Another 77 words (6 lines of text) covering the years 148 and 1481 are included under the topic Early Critendend History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Critendend Spelling Variations
Sound was what guided spelling in the essentially pre-literate Middle Ages, so one person's name was often recorded under several variations during a single lifetime. Also, before the advent of the printing press and the first dictionaries, the English language was not standardized. Therefore, spelling variations
were common, even among the names of the most literate people. Known variations of the Critendend family name include Crittenden, Cruttenden, Critenden, Crutenden and many more.
Early Notables of the Critendend family (pre 1700)
More information is included under the topic Early Critendend Notables in all our PDF Extended History products
and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Critendend family to the New World and Oceana
For political, religious, and economic reasons, thousands of English families boarded ships for Ireland
, Canada, the America colonies, and many of smaller tropical colonies in the hope of finding better lives abroad. Although the passage on the cramped, dank ships caused many to arrive in the New World diseased and starving, those families that survived the trip often went on to make valuable contributions to those new societies to which they arrived. Early immigrants bearing the Critendend surname or a spelling variation of the name include: George Crittenden who arrived in San Francisco in 1852 with his wife, six children, and two servants; Albert Crittenden, who arrived in Philadelphia in 1876.
Critendend Family Crest Products
- ^ Arthur, William , An Etymological Dictionary of Family and Christian Names. London: 1857. Print
- ^ Smith, Eldson Coles, New Dictionary of American Family Names New York, Harper & Row, 1956. Print