Cranewell is an ancient Norman name that arrived in England
after the Norman Conquest
of 1066. The Cranewell family lived in Lincolnshire
. The line descends from a family who held a feif at Cramanvile, Normandy.
Early Origins of the Cranewell family
The surname Cranewell was first found in Essex
where the family claim descent from Crenawell, (Cramanville) and were listed in the Battle Abbey Roll. CITATION[CLOSE]
Burke, John Bernard, The Roll of Battle Abbey. London: Edward Churton, 26, Holles Street, 1848, Print.
The family held a family seat
from the time of the Conquest and in Kent
where they held its lands by three knight's service. In 1189, Ralph de Cramaville paid a fine for his estates in Northumberland
The Norman People and Their Existing Descendants in the British Dominions and the United States Of America. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1975. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0636-X)
However, most of the record were found in Lincolnshire
at Cranwell, a parish four miles from Sleaford. The Hundredorum Rolls
of 1273 list: Adam de Cranewell and Robert de Cranewell in Lincolnshire; and Richard de Cranewell in Kent
Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
Early History of the Cranewell family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Cranewell research.Another 163 words (12 lines of text) covering the years 1600 and 1658 are included under the topic Early Cranewell History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Cranewell Spelling Variations
Norman surnames are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations
. The frequent changes in surnames are largely due to the fact that the Old and Middle English languages lacked definite spelling rules. The introduction of Norman French to England
, as well as the official court languages of Latin and French, also had pronounced influences on the spelling of surnames. Since medieval scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded, rather than adhering to any specific spelling rules, it was common to find the same individual referred to with different spellings. The name has been spelled Cranwell, Cranwel and others.
Early Notables of the Cranewell family (pre 1700)
More information is included under the topic Early Cranewell Notables in all our PDF Extended History products
and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Cranewell family to Ireland
Some of the Cranewell family moved to Ireland
, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.Another 47 words (3 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Cranewell family to the New World and Oceana
Many English families emigrated to North American colonies in order to escape the political chaos in Britain at this time. Unfortunately, many English families made the trip to the New World under extremely harsh conditions. Overcrowding on the ships caused the majority of the immigrants to arrive diseased, famished, and destitute from the long journey across the stormy Atlantic. Despite these hardships, many of the families prospered and went on to make invaluable contributions to the development of the cultures of the United States and Canada. Early North American immigration records have revealed a number of people bearing the name Cranewell or a variant listed above: George Cranwell who settled in Virginia in 1635; John Cranwell settled in Salem Mass in 1630.