When the ancestors of the Cotrelay family arrived in England
following the Norman Conquest
of 1066, they brought their name with them. It is a name for a serf or bond tenant who held a cottage by service.
The name is derived from the Old English cote,
which means "shelter," or "cottage."
Early Origins of the Cotrelay family
The surname Cotrelay was first found in Derbyshire
where they held a family seat
from very early times and were granted lands by Duke William of Normandy
, their liege Lord, for their distinguished assistance at the Battle of Hastings in 1066 A.D.
Early History of the Cotrelay family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Cotrelay research.Another 167 words (12 lines of text) covering the years 1691, 1572, 1631, 1621, 1624, 1624, 1615, 1701, 1641, 1654, 1710, 1686 and 1758 are included under the topic Early Cotrelay History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Cotrelay Spelling Variations
Multitudes of spelling variations
are a hallmark of Anglo Norman names. Most of these names evolved in the 11th and 12th century, in the time after the Normans
introduced their own Norman French language into a country where Old and Middle English had no spelling rules and the languages of the court were French and Latin. To make matters worse, medieval scribes spelled words according to sound, so names frequently appeared differently in the various documents in which they were recorded. The name was spelled Cotterell, Cotterel, Cotteral, Cotteril, Cotterill, Cottral, Cottrall, Cottrell, Cottrel, Coterall, Coterel, Coteril, Coterill, Cotrall, Cotrell, Cottrle, Cotral, Cotraul, Cotrelly and many more.
Early Notables of the Cotrelay family (pre 1700)
Outstanding amongst the family at this time was John Cotterell DCL (died 1572), from Wiltshire
, an English clergyman and academic at the University of Oxford, one of the founding fellows of Jesus College, Oxford; Sir Clement Cotterell (died 1631), an English courtier and politician, Member of Parliament for Grantham (1621-1624) and... Another 56 words (4 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Cotrelay Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Cotrelay family to the New World and Oceana
Because of this political and religious unrest within English society, many people decided to immigrate to the colonies. Families left for Ireland
, North America, and Australia
in enormous numbers, traveling at high cost in extremely inhospitable conditions. The New World in particular was a desirable destination, but the long voyage caused many to arrive sick and starving. Those who made it, though, were welcomed by opportunities far greater than they had known at home in England
. Many of these families went on to make important contributions to the emerging nations of Canada and the United States. Analysis of immigration records indicates that some of the first North American immigrants bore the name Cotrelay or a variant listed above: Edward Cotterell who settled in Virginia in 1635; John Cotterell settled in New England
in 1655; Timothy Cotterill arrived in Boston in 1765; Edward Cotteral arrived in Pennsylvania in 1772.