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Clough is one of the thousands of new names that the Norman Conquest brought to England in 1066. The Clough family lived in Lancashire, where they were found since the early Middle Ages.

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The surname Clough was first found in Denbighshire, where the most prominent branch of the family held a family seat from the 13th century. The original bearers of the name were granted lands by Duke William of Normandy, their liege Lord, for their distinguished assistance at the Battle of Hastings in 1066 A.D.

Multitudes of spelling variations are a hallmark of Anglo Norman names. Most of these names evolved in the 11th and 12th century, in the time after the Normans introduced their own Norman French language into a country where Old and Middle English had no spelling rules and the languages of the court were French and Latin. To make matters worse, medieval scribes spelled words according to sound, so names frequently appeared differently in the various documents in which they were recorded. The name was spelled Clough, Cluf, Cluffe, Cluff, Cloughe, Clow, De Clue and many more.


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This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Clough research. Another 259 words (18 lines of text) covering the years 1270, 1570, and 1730 are included under the topic Early Clough History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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More information is included under the topic Early Clough Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Because of this political and religious unrest within English society, many people decided to immigrate to the colonies. Families left for Ireland, North America, and Australia in enormous numbers, traveling at high cost in extremely inhospitable conditions. The New World in particular was a desirable destination, but the long voyage caused many to arrive sick and starving. Those who made it, though, were welcomed by opportunities far greater than they had known at home in England. Many of these families went on to make important contributions to the emerging nations of Canada and the United States. Analysis of immigration records indicates that some of the first North American immigrants bore the name Clough or a variant listed above:

Clough Settlers in United States in the 17th Century

  • Humphrey Clough, who landed in Virginia in 1622
  • Humphrey Clough, who arrived in Virginia in 1623
  • Richard Clough, who arrived in Salem, Massachusetts in 1630
  • Isaac Clough, who arrived in Massachusetts in 1642
  • John Clough, who landed in Salisbury, Massachusetts in 1642
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Clough Settlers in United States in the 18th Century

  • George Clough, who landed in Virginia in 1704
  • John Clough, who immigrated to Virginia in 1775

Clough Settlers in United States in the 19th Century

  • T B Clough, who arrived in San Francisco, California in 1850
  • A Clough, who arrived in San Francisco, California in 1851
  • Henry A Clough, who arrived in Colorado in 1869

Clough Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century

  • James Clough, English convict from Lancaster, who was transported aboard the "Albion" on May 17, 1823, settling in Van Diemen's Land, Australia
  • Bartholomew Clough, aged 42, a labourer, arrived in South Australia in 1853 aboard the ship "Calabar"
  • James Clough, aged 15, arrived in South Australia in 1857 aboard the ship "Burlington"
  • Margaret Clough, aged 17, a domestic servant, arrived in South Australia in 1857 aboard the ship "Burlington"
  • Thomas Clough, aged 19, a miner, arrived in South Australia in 1857 aboard the ship "Monsoon"

Clough Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century

  • Abraham Clough, aged 28, a labourer, arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Collingwood" in 1875
  • Elizabeth Clough, aged 30, arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Collingwood" in 1875
  • Frank Clough, aged 48, a labourer, arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Halcione" in 1875
  • Eliza Clough, aged 42, arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Halcione" in 1875
  • George Clough, aged 18, a ploughman, arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Halcione" in 1875
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  • David Marston Clough (1846-1924), American politician who served in the Minnesota State Senate (1887 to 1893), 13th Governor of Minnesota
  • Brenda W. Clough, American science fiction and fantasy writer
  • Dennis Clough, American Republican politician, Delegate to Republican National Convention from Ohio, 2008
  • David Marston Clough (1846-1924), American Republican politician, Member of Minnesota State Senate, 1887-91; Lieutenant Governor of Minnesota, 1893-95; Governor of Minnesota, 1895-99
  • David M. Clough, American politician, Delegate to New Hampshire State Constitutional Convention from Canterbury, 1948
  • Darvin P. Clough, American Republican politician, Member of Wisconsin State Assembly from Walworth County, 1899-1900
  • Clarence A. Clough, American Republican politician, Mayor of Englewood, New Jersey, 1940
  • Charles I. Clough Jr., American Democrat politician, Presidential Elector for Massachusetts, 1972
  • Charles Clough, American politician, Mayor of Coffeyville, Kansas, 1965-66
  • C. F. Clough, American politician, Mayor of Spokane, Washington, 1890
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Clough Historic Events



HMS Repulse

  • Mr. Leonard Clough, British Ordnance Artificer 4th Class, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and died during the sinking
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  • Clauw, Klauw, Klaw, Claw, Clow, Clough, Clowe: A Holland Dutch Name of the Upper Hudson Valley by Wilson Ober Clough.
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The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.

Motto: Sine macula
Motto Translation: Without spot.

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Citations



    Other References

    1. Library of Congress. American and English Genealogies in the Library of Congress. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1967. Print.
    2. Zieber, Eugene. Heraldry in America. Philadelphia: Genealogical Publishing Co. Print.
    3. Matthews, John. Matthews' American Armoury and Blue Book. London: John Matthews, 1911. Print.
    4. Hanks, Hodges, Mills and Room. The Oxford Names Companion. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002. Print. (ISBN 0-19-860561-7).
    5. Virkus, Frederick A. Ed. Immigrant Ancestors A List of 2,500 Immigrants to America Before 1750. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1964. Print.
    6. Chadwick, Nora Kershaw and J.X.W.P Corcoran. The Celts. London: Penguin, 1790. Print. (ISBN 0140212116).
    7. Browning, Charles H. Americans of Royal Descent. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
    8. Passenger Lists of Vessels Arriving at Galveston Texas 1896-1951. National Archives Washington DC. Print.
    9. Innes, Thomas and Learney. The Tartans of the Clans and Families of Scotland 1st Edition. Edinburgh: W & A. K. Johnston Limited, 1938. Print.
    10. Humble, Richard. The Fall of Saxon England. New York: Barnes and Noble, 1975. Print. (ISBN 0-88029-987-8).
    11. ...

    The Clough Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Clough Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

    This page was last modified on 5 June 2016 at 03:31.

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