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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright 2000 - 2015

Where did the English Clough family come from? What is the English Clough family crest and coat of arms? When did the Clough family first arrive in the United States? Where did the various branches of the family go? What is the Clough family history?

Clough is one of the thousands of new names that the Norman Conquest brought to England in 1066. The Clough family lived in Lancashire, where they were found since the early Middle Ages.

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Multitudes of spelling variations are a hallmark of Anglo Norman names. Most of these names evolved in the 11th and 12th century, in the time after the Normans introduced their own Norman French language into a country where Old and Middle English had no spelling rules and the languages of the court were French and Latin. To make matters worse, medieval scribes spelled words according to sound, so names frequently appeared differently in the various documents in which they were recorded. The name was spelled Clough, Cluf, Cluffe, Cluff, Cloughe, Clow, De Clue and many more.

First found in Denbighshire, where the most prominent branch of the family held a family seat from the 13th century. The original bearers of the name were granted lands by Duke William of Normandy, their liege Lord, for their distinguished assistance at the Battle of Hastings in 1066 A.D.


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This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Clough research. Another 259 words(18 lines of text) covering the years 1270, 1570, and 1730 are included under the topic Early Clough History in all our PDF Extended History products.

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More information is included under the topic Early Clough Notables in all our PDF Extended History products.

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Because of this political and religious unrest within English society, many people decided to immigrate to the colonies. Families left for Ireland, North America, and Australia in enormous numbers, traveling at high cost in extremely inhospitable conditions. The New World in particular was a desirable destination, but the long voyage caused many to arrive sick and starving. Those who made it, though, were welcomed by opportunities far greater than they had known at home in England. Many of these families went on to make important contributions to the emerging nations of Canada and the United States. Analysis of immigration records indicates that some of the first North American immigrants bore the name Clough or a variant listed above:

Clough Settlers in United States in the 17th Century


  • Humphrey Clough, who landed in Virginia in 1622
  • Humphrey Clough, who arrived in Virginia in 1623
  • Richard Clough, who arrived in Salem, Massachusetts in 1630
  • Isaac Clough, who arrived in Massachusetts in 1642
  • John Clough, who landed in Salisbury, Massachusetts in 1642


Clough Settlers in United States in the 18th Century


  • George Clough, who landed in Virginia in 1704
  • John Clough, who immigrated to Virginia in 1775

Clough Settlers in United States in the 19th Century


  • T B Clough, who arrived in San Francisco, California in 1850
  • A Clough, who arrived in San Francisco, California in 1851
  • Henry A Clough, who arrived in Colorado in 1869

Clough Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century


  • James Clough, English convict from Lancaster, who was transported aboard the "Albion" on May 17, 1823, settling in Van Diemen's Land, Australia
  • Bartholomew Clough, aged 42, a labourer, arrived in South Australia in 1853 aboard the ship "Calabar"
  • James Clough, aged 15, arrived in South Australia in 1857 aboard the ship "Burlington"
  • Margaret Clough, aged 17, a domestic servant, arrived in South Australia in 1857 aboard the ship "Burlington"
  • Thomas Clough, aged 19, a miner, arrived in South Australia in 1857 aboard the ship "Monsoon"

Clough Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century


  • Abraham Clough, aged 28, a labourer, arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Collingwood" in 1875
  • Elizabeth Clough, aged 30, arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Collingwood" in 1875
  • Frank Clough, aged 48, a labourer, arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Halcione" in 1875
  • Eliza Clough, aged 42, arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Halcione" in 1875
  • George Clough, aged 18, a ploughman, arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Halcione" in 1875


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  • Brenda W. Clough, American science fiction and fantasy writer
  • David Marston Clough (1846-1924), American politician who served in the Minnesota State Senate (1887 to 1893), 13th Governor of Minnesota
  • Tom Clough (1881-1964), English player of the Northumbrian pipes
  • Ann Jemima Clough (1820-1892), English educationist
  • Arthur Hugh Clough (1819-1861), English poet
  • Brian Howard Clough OBE (1935-2004), English footballer and football manager
  • Nigel Howard Clough (b. 1966), English former footballer
  • Gareth Clough (b. 1978), English first-class cricketer
  • Paul Clough, English rugby league footballer
  • Charlie David W. Clough (b. 1990), English professional footballer

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  • Clauw, Klauw, Klaw, Claw, Clow, Clough, Clowe: A Holland Dutch Name of the Upper Hudson Valley by Wilson Ober Clough.
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The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.

Motto: Sine macula
Motto Translation: Without spot.

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  1. Cook, Chris. English Historical Facts 1603-1688. London: MacMillan, 1980. Print.
  2. Marcharn, Frederick George. A Constitutional History of Modern England 1485 to the Present. London: Harper and Brothers, 1960. Print.
  3. Humble, Richard. The Fall of Saxon England. New York: Barnes and Noble, 1975. Print. (ISBN 0-88029-987-8).
  4. Dunkling, Leslie. Dictionary of Surnames. Toronto: Collins, 1998. Print. (ISBN 0004720598).
  5. Shirley, Evelyn Philip. Noble and Gentle Men of England Or Notes Touching The Arms and Descendants of the Ancient Knightley and Gentle Houses of England Arranged in their Respective Counties 3rd Edition. Westminster: John Bowyer Nichols and Sons, 1866. Print.
  6. Thirsk, Joan. The Agrarian History of England and Wales. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press: 7 Volumes. Print.
  7. Crozier, William Armstrong Edition. Crozier's General Armory A Registry of American Families Entitled to Coat Armor. New York: Fox, Duffield, 1904. Print.
  8. Burke, Sir Bernard. General Armory Of England, Scotland, Ireland and Wales. Ramsbury: Heraldry Today. Print.
  9. Bowman, George Ernest. The Mayflower Reader A Selection of Articales from The Mayflower Descendent. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
  10. Papworth, J.W and A.W Morant. Ordinary of British Armorials. London: T.Richards, 1874. Print.
  11. ...

The Clough Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Clough Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 24 November 2014 at 11:17.

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