Early Origins of the Chalcombe family
The surname Chalcombe was first found in Devon
at Challacombe, a parish, in the union of Barnstaple, hundred
of Sherwill. The name Challacombe literally means "cold valley", having been derived from the Old English words ceald ('cold') and cumb ('valley'). CITATION[CLOSE]
Mills, A.D., Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-19-869156-4)
Conjecturally, the surname is descended from the tenant of the lands of Challacombe held by a steward of the Geoffri de Mowbray, Bishop of Coutance, a powerful Norman noble who was recorded in the Domesday Book census of 1086. CITATION[CLOSE]
Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
Challacombe (1902-1917) was a British Thoroughbred racehorse and sire named after the village.
Early History of the Chalcombe family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Chalcombe research.Another 211 words (15 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Chalcombe History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Chalcombe Spelling Variations
Anglo-Norman names tend to be marked by an enormous number of spelling variations
. This is largely due to the fact that Old and Middle English lacked any spelling rules when Norman French was introduced in the 11th century. The languages of the English courts at that time were French and Latin. These various languages mixed quite freely in the evolving social milieu. The final element of this mix is that medieval scribes spelled words according to their sounds rather than any definite rules, so a name was often spelled in as many different ways as the number of documents it appeared in. The name was spelled Chalacombe, Challacombe, Chalcombe, Chalcum, Chalcumbe, Chalcumb, Challacumb and many more.
Early Notables of the Chalcombe family (pre 1700)
More information is included under the topic Early Chalcombe Notables in all our PDF Extended History products
and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Chalcombe family to Ireland
Some of the Chalcombe family moved to Ireland
, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.Another 74 words (5 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Chalcombe family to the New World and Oceana
Because of the political and religious discontent in England
, families began to migrate abroad in enormous numbers. Faced with persecution and starvation at home, the open frontiers and generally less oppressive social environment of the New World seemed tantalizing indeed to many English people. The trip was difficult, and not all made it unscathed, but many of those who did get to Canada and the United States made important contributions to the young nations in which they settled. Some of the first North American settlers with Chalcombe name or one of its variants: Robert Challacome, a servant sent from Bristol to the plantations of Virginia in 1661; John Challacombe, who settled in Stafford, Genesee County, N. Y. in 1833.